Mustard Plaster

Mix one tablespoonful of corn meal or flour with two tablespoonfuls of mustard, wet till moist, and spread on a piece of muslin; cover with another piece and heat before applying.

Neuralgia

Apply to the seat of pain a bag of salt or sand heated very hot, or a plate heated in the oven. Try hot cloths or a hot-water bag. If heat does not relieve the pain, an ice-bag may.

Nose-Bleed

In extreme cases a physician should be called, as the loss of much blood is weakening. But as a rule nose-bleed need not cause anxiety. Do not allow the patient to bend the head, but sit or stand erect. Apply ice or cloths wet in cold water to the back of the neck. Press a hard roll or wad of tissue paper under the upper lip as far as it can go, and hold it there with the tongue till the bleeding stops. The nose must not be blown for hours after bleeding stops.

Poisons

Send for a doctor immediately, but give an emetic at once. An emetic always near is a teaspoonful of salt or mustard in a cup of lukewarm water. Repeat every few minutes until vomiting occurs.

Shock

Send at once for a doctor, but lay the patient flat and keep warm with blankets and hot-water bottles, whether summer or winter. Rub the arms and legs vigorously always towards the heart. If conscious give hot drinks: tea, coffee, or hot milk.

Sore throat For a simple sore throat caused by a cold, nothing near at hand is better than gargling repeatedly with saleratus or salt and water. At night pack the throat with several folds of linen wrung out in cold salt water and over this a flannel band. This steams the throat and eases the inflammation.

Sore Finger

Soak the inflamed part for some time in hot water in which has been put a few drops of sulpho-naphthol. Repeat till the throbbing has stopped. This remedy may be used for sore toes or sore places on the foot from a blister.

Sprains

Fold a towel or cloth around the sprain and keep it wet with ice-cold or very hot water till the inflammation is reduced. Where heat does not succeed, an ice-bag will. In ankle and foot sprains, elevate the foot.

Unconsciousness

Lay the patient flat with head raised slightly. Keep the body warm, applying hot-water bottles to the feet, and bathe the head in cold water. (In some hospitals nurses are not allowed to use hot-water bottles for fear of burning the patient.) Give aromatic ammonia, but no stimulants unless directed by a doctor.

Letting In The Sunlight

Letting In The Sunlight.

Vomiting

The patient should always lie flat on his back. Give large quantities of water as hot as can be taken. Small bits of ice, swallowed, or melted in the mouth, will often relieve. In seasickness, always lie flat on the back, without a pillow, and remain as quiet as possible.

Wounds

If severe, summon a doctor. Cover the wound at once with something clean. It is better to bind a wound at once, dirt and all, than to handle with unclean hands. In pierced wounds, caused by needles, bits of glass or splinters, remove the cause with a large needle (sterilized in alcohol or a candle flame) and then freely apply hot water and some sort of antiseptic. Soap and water followed by alcohol is our best disinfectant. In slight bruises apply hot or cold water and keep the body warm.