When an article is stained, first learn the nature of the stain, then the remedy to apply. It is always safe to try kerosene first on any stained white goods. Cold or tepid water, or milk, never fixes a stain.

Yellow spots are often due to acids; a weak solution of ammonia may remove them. Apply carefully directly on the spot.

Running Colors

When an article is stained with color from other goods, put the article to soak in cold water; the next day wash out of this water and dry in the sun.

Chocolate, tea, and coffee are perhaps the most obstinate and frequent stains with which the housewife has to contend. When fresh, stains of this sort can be removed by soaking in cold soft water in which a little borax has been dissolved. After soaking a short time, pour boiling water over the stain, letting the stained part stay in the water for a time.

If the stain is a bad one and obstinate, get at any drug store a small box of salts of lemon. Pour boiling water into a bowl, stretch the stained piece of goods over this, apply a little of the salts of lemon, occasionally drop the stain into the hot water. The steam from the hot water as well as the water, together with the salt, will remove a very bad stain. In removing all stains of any kind the stained part must always be well rinsed after every application.

Soap sets many stains, so it is always wiser to remove the stain when fresh and always before washing.

Ink Stains

While fresh, soak in milk, using fresh milk as it becomes discolored. If this stain has been allowed to dry, use salts of lemon, first wetting the spot, then rubbing the salts on and rinsing well in cold water. It may be necessary sometimes to repeat the process. If the salts of lemon is not strong enough to remove the stain, try oxalic acid; use it weak, and with great caution, or it will eat a hole in the goods. Apply, rubbing and dipping in hot water, till the stain disappears, but do not let the acid stay on the goods any length of time, and be sure to rinse well.

Saleratus will remove ink stains, when salts of lemon, milk (sweet or sour), and oxalic acid have failed.

Smear an ink stain with mutton tallow before sending to the wash and it will often come away like magic.

To remove ink from colored materials, dip the stained part in warm milk and rub the spot lightly under the milk, with the finger. As the milk becomes inked, change it, and continue until the stain fades away, then rinse and dry quickly unless the article is to be washed.

To remove ink stains from books use a small quantity of diluted oxalic acid applied with a camel's-hair pencil and blotted with blotting paper; this will remove the ink with two applications.

Ink spilled on a carpet may be taken up without leaving a stain if dry salt be applied immediately. As the salt becomes discolored, brush it off and renew. Continue this till the ink has disappeared.

Printer's ink may be removed from cloth by soaking in kerosene oil.