(Use No. 3 or 4 bone needles, and No. 12 steel.) One who knows how to knit may easily knit a sweater using measurements, and varying number of stitches according to size desired.

Measure the length of back, width between shoulders, length of front from top of shoulder to under arm, neck and wrist.

Cast on as many stitches as seems advisable; seventy stitches will make one for thirty-six inch bust measure.

Knit one or two inches plain garter stitch for a border, using steel needles, then with bone needles begin any pattern chosen. Knit till the desired length from bottom of sweater to under arm, bind off at each end of the needle (for under arm), five for a small sweater, and eight for a larger one.

Every other row, narrow at each end of the needle till five more for a small sweater, and eight for a larger, have been taken off at each end of the needle, the number of stitches being reduced ten or sixteen according to size.

Continue without narrowing till back is required length from neck to bottom of sweater.

Divide the stitches for the neck and shoulders. Knit the first twenty-five for a small sweater and thirty for a large one; slip these on to a cord. Bind off a certain number for neck in centre of back, being careful not to have too large a number or the neck will be loose. The number of stitches left on the needle to knit should be equal to those taken off on the cord so that the two front sides will be alike.

Knit plain for one inch, then widen every third row at the neck side till there are more stitches on the needle - twenty more stitches for a small sweater and twenty-four for a large one.

Knit three inches more, increasing at the beginning of each row till eight for a small sweater, and twelve for a larger sweater, have been added.

Knit without widening till the work measures four inches for a small sweater and seven inches for a larger one, from shoulder to under arm. On the side away from the neck cast on seven stitches for a small sweater, twelve for a larger sweater; this extends under the arm and makes the width of the front.

Knit till front is long as back without border, then knit garter stitch the same width as the back.

Sew up under the arms.

The border is not necessary; one can begin the pattern at once when starting sweater.

Take stitches from the cord on to the needle, and knit the second front like the first.

Sleeves

Two directions are given, the sleeves always beginning at the top.

No 1. Cast on sixty stitches, increase two at the beginning of each row till there are one hundred.

Knit this number for one inch; then narrow at each end of the needle every fourth row till there are sixty remaining.

Knit and do not narrow again till the inside seam is the required length.

Change to steel needles and knit garter stitch to match the border; or, if no border is used, knit one, purl one, for three inches, which will make a close cuff.

No 2. Cast on forty-six stitches, start pattern at once. At each end of the needle cast on three stitches every row till there are eighty-eight stitches on the needle.

Knit pattern and do not increase for three inches; then narrow one stitch at each end of the needle every fifth row till there are forty-six stitches. Knit till the sleeve is the required length.

The cuff is made by using the steel needles and either knitting garter stitch or seaming.

Border

A border is made by casting on the steel needles twelve stitches, and knitting garter stitch. For a band up the front, it should be sewed on from the edge of the right-hand front round the neck and down the other side. It may be of the same color as the sweater or of a contrasting color.

Button-holes may be made at regular intervals in this border by binding off four stitches in the middle of the needle and on the next row, casting the four stitches on again.

Pockets and collars are knitted separate and sewed on the sweater, the pockets always the same color as the sweater.

Cast on as many stitches for the collar as the neck requires, always allowing an inch more than the neck really measures. Knit garter stitch or seam till the width desired.