Preparing the Soil - How to Plant

During the autumn season careful attention should be paid to the requirements of the rose garden; than the month of October and November no part of the year is more suitable for preparing the soil for rose-trees, although, if the weather will permit it, the process of planting may be continued until March.

Roses, it must be remembered, are injured by winds. The bushes, therefore, should be screened by hedges or shrubs. Roses will grow in almost any garden, but to obtain really good results it is advisable, as far as is possible, to isolate the trees and to allow no other flowers to be cultivated in their immediate vicinity.

The question of drainage becomes most important when considering the rose-tree; it is essential that the soil should be porous and warm.

The best soil for the purpose is an adhesive loam, but even stiff, cold clay can be made to conform to this requirement by mixing with it lime and sand.

The roots of bush-roses should be placed, when being planted, about 2 inches below the surface; around the roots fine mould should be sprinkled, and around this the gardener should place a mixture of soil and manure (cow manure, perhaps, is the best) and then tread firmly on the soil all round.

It is wise to cover the stems with straw until the danger of frosts has passed.