The Feature Which Imparts Character to the Face - Ways of Modifying the Shape of the Nose - Nose Machines - Cause and Cure of Red Noses - A Lotion to Improve the Appearance-temporary Measures

The nose is the most prominent part of the face, and it is not surprising, therefore, to find people sensitive about the characteristics appertaining to their own noses.

An actor very quickly discovers that if he alters the apparent shape of his nose he alters the whole character of his face, and he is often content simply to place a "comic" nose over his own when he wishes to make up a character to suit a comic song.

But the ordinary individual discontented with the shape of nose he or she was born with cannot treat the matter so readily and easily, but has to resort to surgery.

There are records of startling changes made by a surgeon's manipulation of the nose, but the nose machine is the most reasonable idea in this direction. It consists of a shell made of iron, is in two parts, hinged together, and is shaped inside like the nose desired by the wearer. The principle of the machine is based on the fact that the nose is simply a piece of cartilage which can be pressed and coaxed into any shape desired, but naturally it is not advisable that a wearer should wish to do more than modify and improve the shape of a nose; one should not seek to alter the type. The type of nose is determined mainly by the shape of the bone, and though there are records of operations in which the surgeon, by taking the ridge off a Roman nose, has, transformed it into a Grecian, this need not be taken seriously.

The Nose Machine

The most that beauty culture can do is to modify ugly characteristics and enhance good ones. The work of the nose machine must, therefore, be to mould a nose into an improvement of its own type. The nostrils can be narrowed, or the tip modified. It is said that a good machine worn nightly begins to show an effect in about a month.

The method of use is to wear the machine nightly, pucting it into place after a treatment to render the nose sensitive to pressure. This condition is obtained by bathing the nose in water as hot as can be borne for a time and then smearing it with an oil or cream - any toilet cream, vaseline, or olive oil. The "improver" is then fixed on.

Much can be done in early years in order to improve the shape of the nose, because then the cartilage is very pliable, and can be pressed and coaxed by massage. A child breathing badly, snoring, or with nose wide or widening, and becoming ugly may be suspected of adenoids and treated medically.

Another little point, which, though apparently trivial, has more effect upon the shape of the nose than is at first realised, is the use of a handkerchief. When it is considered that the nose is sensitive and the use of a handkerchief constant, there is something to be said from this point of view. Redness of Nose

Unfortunately for beauty, the nose is readily affected by change in health, by wrong treatment of another part of the body, and by atmosphere. Nature in giving her warnings does not stay to study one's sensitiveness, unless it be for her own purpose. The state of the stomach immediately affects the nose, and often some particular article of food, by violently disagreeing with one particular person, immediately causes an angry red to appear on the nose.

It is said that almost every person over the age of twenty-five suffers from some form of indigestion, and if only from a beauty-culture point of view, salted meats, hot drinks, cold drinks, irregular meals, tea, coffee, and alcohol are to be avoided. A woman who will persist in eating much meat, and indulges in a cup of tea with or immediately after the meal, instances the way red noses are cultivated. Light diet, exercise so as to cause proper circulation of the blood, and treatment for indigestion would banish the majority of red noses. Some are, however, caused by local interference with the circulation. Tight boots and tight gloves make the nose show a signal of distress, as well as tight lacing. A tight veil or an uncomfortable hat might do it, or an uncomfortable collar.

Anything which causes a sudden rush of blood to the head reddens the nose, and it is not without reason that an ill-tempered person is often depicted as having an unhealthy looking nose and thin hair.

Extremes of heat and cold are best avoided. Never sit too close to a fire, and wear a veil when out of doors.

A cooling lotion is often useful temporarily, and is best composed of some preparation containing sulphur. A good example is: Oxide of zinc, 2 drachms, Precipitated sulphur, 1 1/2 drachms, Rectified spirit, 6 drachms, Glycerine, \ ounce, Super-carbonate of zinc, 15 grains, Rose water sufficient for 6 ounces. This lotion is an old and well-tried one. The small amount of glycerine used is necessary to make the preparation somewhat adhesive. Use after washing.

Acne particularly attacks the nose, but never be persuaded to press out the black spots which collect so persistently round the nostrils. Pending a general treatment of acne the above lotion is useful, or the largest spots may be dabbed with a strong solution of bicarbonate of soda in warm water, and when the pores are clear they may be closed with some astringent preparation. The second part of the recipe given in the article on the " Importance of the Bath," on page 176, is a strong astringent.

Sensitive Nostrils

Fruit, stewed prunes and figs must be added to the diet, for no local applications are of use unless rational treatment of the cause of ill-health is undertaken.

There is a sensitiveness of the nostrils which will cause a red nose, and this can often be cured. Borax dissolved in warm water is a remedy with merit. Nasal catarrh requires medical attention, though slightly unhealthy conditions of the nostrils will yield to the antiseptic bath, followed by a mild astringent, such as diluted eau-de-cologne or a toilet vinegar.