Plant out tomatoes in a sunny border or against a warm wall. If the plants have already begun to set fruit, so much the better. Do not let any rank manure come near them, as this may encourage the risk of disease. If any sign of disease occurs, remove and burn the fruits, and withhold water as much as possible for the time being.
Cordon apples and pears should be gone over, the leading growths trained, and the laterals pinched out. Plenty of light and air will thus be secured, and if the fruits are thinned, this will further assist the crop.
Give a good mulch of manure to fruit-trees which have been planted this year, and see that they have plenty of water.
The breastwood of pear-trees can be shortened this month to half its length, and a few weeks later be removed altogether, unless required for fruit spurs, in which case it should not be cut below the third joint.
If cherry-trees on walls are attacked by black aphis, this should be checked at once by covering the shoots with a little clayey soil mixed with water, which can be easily removed as soon as it has done its work. Soft soap and quassia may be used if preferred.
Grapes which are ripening must have plenty of air, and also a good supply of water. Some stimulant should be given to late varieties, and fire heat will be needed to keep these moving on. Give abundance of air early in the morning, and water freely inside.
Figs must be watered frequently, and syringed also to keep down red spider. Some good artificial fertiliser, given once or twice a week, will also be of benefit.
Early peaches must have free ventilation, but not much water. The fruit should be gathered a few days before it is ripe, and laid on wadding in a sunny place.
Where pines are grown, the stock should be thoroughly looked over this month. Top-dress the plants, or repot those which need it. If an increase of stock is necessary for succession, take off suckers and plant them in five or seven-inch pots. These shouid be plunged in a bottom heat of 750. The material of the plunging-beds should be renewed if necessary. Pines which are fruiting should be given a high temperature during the day, and one below 700 at night.
Keep a moist atmosphere in the orchard-house this month; ventilate freely in the morning and slightly at night.
Top-dress fruit-trees in pots, and keep the young growth thin. Any trees which are stood outside should have protection for the first night or two, if the nights are cold. Keep the points of shoots pinched out, and give sufficient water to encourage a good growth.