To be continued.

Sowing And Weeding 400262

August Work In The Garden

By Helen Colt, F.r.h.s.,

Diploma of the Royal Botanic Society

The Flower Garden - Conservatory and Greenhouse - Forcing Houses - The Vegetable Garden-forced Vegetables - Fruit Garden - Fruit Under Glass.

The Flower Garden

The stock of Alpine plants increased earlier in the summer (see June work, page 2003, Vol. 3) should be examined, and any gaps made good by the insertion of more cuttings or offsets in a cold frame.

Seedings of Alpine plants will need to be pricked off. Half-tender bedding plants can be propagated out of doors this month, beginning with verbenas and heliotropes, and continuing with calceolarias and zonal pelargoniums. Cuttings of hardy plants may be struck out of doors, including pentstemons, carnations, hollyhocks, and pansies. Divide roots of primroses and dahlias, and sow seeds of annuals for next year's spring bedding.

General work on flower borders will include careful attention to staking and tying and thorough watering. The soil should always be loosened with a fork or hoe before watering. Remove all dead flowers without delay, and also the stakes from such plants as are over. Late-flowering plants may need taller stakes. Give plenty of water to dahlias. Keep the shrubbery neat, and thin out as required.

The lawn should be kept as green as possible in dry weather by using a hose or sprinkler. Once weekly will be amply sufficient to mow the grass, and this should be done without a grass-box from time to time, so that the grass-cuttings may be allowed to make a mulch, and thus promote coolness and nourishment. Roll garden walks in showery weather, and keep grass edgings carefully trimmed.

Roses should have plenty of water and liquid manure, to encourage the second crop. Syringe the plants with sulphide of potassium if mildew appears. Rose-budding may be continued this month.

The Conservatory And Greenhouse

All the lights must be kept open to the fullest extent. Place outside plants which are not flowering. The flowers of Scarborough lily (Vallota purpurea), among other plants, will be all the finer for this treatment. Keep climbers trimmed and trained.

Among plants and shrubs which should be flowering this month under glass are begonias, gesneras. steptocarpus, pelargoniums, and carnations, hoya, bourgainvillia, big-nonia, aloysia, and clerodendron.

Plants under glass should be looked to, to see that nothing starves for want of potting up. Watering should be done earlier, as the nights are now more long and damp. Give plenty of air, and shade from intense sunshine. Pot up early bulbs for flowering at Christmas, especially freesias and Roman hyacinths. This may also be done in bowls for decoration in the house (see special article on page 440, Vol. 1, of Every Woman's Encycloaedia). Sow seeds this month of hardy primroses and polyanthus, and of cyclamens, cinerarias, and calceolarias as well. Woodlice may be troublesome in hot weather, in which case they should be trapped with pots of damp moss or grass and destroyed. The Stove-house

Alamandas and dipladenias, grown as specimen plants, will need training just now. Any plants which need repotting should be shifted without delay. Winter flowering plants in a young state will be better in a cool pit, and flowering plants, such as Franciscea, can be stood out of doors to ripen the wood. Sprinkle the house constantly to maintain a moist atmosphere.

Forcing Pit - Plants of the gesnera family must have shade, and should be kept well watered, as also begonias and justicias. Spring-raised cyclamens will be grown on for winter flowering.

The Vegetable Garden

Continue to make sowings of onion, carrot, turnip, lettuce, endive, and radish. Broccoli, cabbage, and endive may be planted this month from the late sowings made. Potatoes should be lifted and stored as soon as the haulm of the latter has died down. Twist the necks of onions to ripen them off, and lift when quite dry. Earth up celery, and be careful to handpick the leaves of all later crops if the celery fly is in evidence. Dust with soot, Or spray with emulsion, to prevent further egg-laying.

Herbs may this month be cut for drying, and divisions planted for a new stock. A good supply of parsley for the winter months can be had by sowing in different aspects, in places where frame-lights can be placed over the plants if needful. Fern-leaved.

Champion, Moss Curled, and Myatt's Garnishing are some of the most popular varieties.

To keep a good supply of young turnips, sow afresh each fortnight, in firm soil, not over rich, drawing shallow drills about a foot apart. Thin the plants to six inches, and eventually to twelve. Give plenty of water to peas, and mulch frequently.

Forced Vegetables

Sowings can now be made of herbs and salads, and of vegetables generally to succeed the out-of-door crops. French beans and cauliflower should be sown this month. Mushroom beds should be spawned at a temperature of not more than 8o°, having first made up the beds with hot stable manure or leaves. Mushrooms may be grown in all kinds of odd corners - in sheds, disused frames, under greenhouse benches, etc. Sow cucumbers this month, keeping the house very moist and warm.

The Fruit Garden

Protect outdoor fruit from birds by netting if necessary, and use the engine or sprayer freely in case of blight, etc. If earwigs or woodlice are t r o u b l e-some, they can be trapped by placing hollow beanstalks or bamboos among the branches. These will be e x a m i n e d and emptied each morning. Remove obstructing leaves or twigs, and tie back where needful, in order to give the best chance possible to ripening fruit. Fruit must be gathered at the right mo m e n t , when neither under nor over ripe. When it is ready, it should be detached easily from the spur if given a slight twist.

All fruit required for storing must be put in an airy atmosphere, but this should not be too dry, or the fruit will shrivel.

Prune and clean cherries when the crop has been gathered. Tie in the longer growths of espalier and cordon fruit trees, so that they are not likely to be injured by wind.

A beautiful plant of cyclamen. This plant may be easily raised from seed, which can be sown in the greenhouse in August, as well as in spring Copyright, Sutton & Sons

A beautiful plant of cyclamen. This plant may be easily raised from seed, which can be sown in the greenhouse in August, as well as in spring Copyright, Sutton & Sons

Old raspberry-canes should be thinned out, so that the young rods may obtain plenty of air and sunlight to ripen them. Such canes as are intended for autumn fruiting should be netted from birds, and be given some liquid stimulant.

Fruit Under Glass

Vines - These must have plenty of air when ripening fruit, and other plants should be kept out of the house if possible till the fruit is cut. Mulch vine-borders, and keep the laterals pricked back on late grape-vines. Fumigate the house if thrip appears. Pines. - A steady bottom heat should be maintained, 75° at least, with top heat of not less than 650. The house must be watered and shaded when necessary, all but plants in fruit or flower being syringed freely both night and morning. Close the house not later than 3.30 p.m.

Figs must be encouraged with plenty of watering and syringing, also with manure. Free ventilation will, however, be required for the second crop. Young shoots will need thinning to secure maturity.

Melons must be syringed morning and evening in bright wea-ther. Use sulphur freely in the frame as a preventive against red spider. Keep a steady bottom heat of about 8o°, with enough air to keep the stems healthy.

Cuttings of tomatoes can be put in now to obtain winter plants. Seeds of cucumber will be sown singly in pots in a close pit, and cuttings taken. Old plants should be top-dressed.

Peaches. - Water the border of late houses freely and give liquid manure, bat only until ripening begins. Ventilate freely, removing the lights altogether on warm days. Keep down all laterals, and assist the wood to ripen with plenty of dry heat. Strawberries for forcing should now be in their pots, and be watered freely.