Never before has there been such a wide variation in electric light shades as at the present time. A great deal of forethought and pains are given to the ornamentation of the drawing-room, dining-room, and bedroom, but seldom enough to rendering the scheme of lighting the room an artistic one. Thus the room lacks the "finishing-touch," and at first sight it is not unusual to wonder what the slight addition required can be.
Suitable light shades perhaps do more than anything to add a sense of warmth and comfort to any apartment.
The first illustration is ideal in its simplicity, for the shade consists merely of one Japanese, or ordinary plain paper serviette, or d'oyley. The former are the better, as the paper is of stronger texture. The serviettes can be . purchased from any of the leading drapers or stationers, and are sold, in boxes containing one dozen, from sixpence to a shilling. They are also procurable singly, but the outlay is generally found to be greater.
The size of the serviettes should, of course, vary according to the size of the glass shades over which they are intended to be placed, the smaller make of shades being the most satisfactory, as the d'oyleys are then given more freedom to hang in uniformity, and the designs are shown better. Many pleasing designs are also obtainable in chiffon, which are extremely handsome and dainty.
The shades seen in the photographs measure 13 1/2 inches square. Their adjustment is quite simple, the method being to cut out a circle in the centre of the paper to dimensions of about 5 inches round the cut edge, or according to the size of fitting on which it is to be attached.
To obtain a correct circle, fold the paper equally from side to side, slightly creasing it, then refold it from end to end, and place a pin in the middle of the four squares thus formed. Make a loop of sewing cotton the length of the circle from the centre to the required edge and put it over the pin. In the other end of the loop place a finely sharpened pencil, and, holding the pin firmly in position, proceed to draw a line by working the pencil round ; by this line cut out the circle. All that is now required to be done is to separate the bulb and glass shade from the bracket, and secure the newly made shade on the end of the fitting, then readjust the bulb and shade as heretofore.
Fig. 1. A simple but tasteful electric light shade, made from a Japanese
When the lights are on the effect is enchanting.
The shade shown in Fig. 2 is a great boon to the reader and the industrious worker. The frequent use of electric light is not so good for the sight as that of gas. Therefore, to obviate the glare and hardness of the light, this shade should meet with high appreciation.
It can be bought in all colours at a cost of 2s. 3d., a dark green or blue shade being the most suitable if required to soften the light; they are also reliable colours for harmonious effects. Neither is it a difficult object to achieve at home, for, after having obtained a wire frame, the silk is pleated on at the bottom edge and finally secured at the top of the wires.
A plain piece of silk covers the point, so that the light may not be impeded, and a very narrow braid finishes off the parts where the silk joins. Two wires, the shape of an egg and about the length of the electric globe, are fixed at the point in the inside of the shape, into which the globe is gripped, and by which the shade is held in position.
green for the busy worker
Fig. 2. An electric light shade in dark
For artistic and striking effects shades consisting of beads throughout cannot be excelled. The shades have expanding tops, which render them fit for use on either candles or electric lights.
The method of shading candle lights has not, until of late, been largely in vogue, but now that the practice has been introduced, it is meeting with a favourable demand. A special fitting is required, on which the shade rests in position.
chenille and finished with a glass bead fringe Selfridge
Fig. 3. A pretty candle shade, trimmed with narrow braid and
A Candle Shade
The square shape (Fig. 3) is a very becoming idea for this particular object. Such a shade can be had in very pretty colours of corrugated linen. It can, however, also be carried out by the home worker.
Take a piece of thin cardboard and cut it into four parts. The depth of each piece should measure 3 inches, and the bottom of the shade may be 4 inches wide. Each piece should slope to about 2 3/4 inches to form the top of the shade. Join the four sides together by over-sewing them with strong thread.
Cut a piece of cardboard 2 3/4 inches square, out of which take a circle measuring 6| inches round the edge. Fix this square about 1 inch from the top in the inside of the shade by means of thin gummed paper. This forms the rest for the shade on the candle fitting.
Cover the shape with pleated silk, being careful to allow a sufficient quantity for the corners. Complete the edges with two rows of braid (1/4 inch wide), with a row of chenille between. Attach a wreath of chenille to the centre of each side, drawing it into knots at a suitable distance apart to appear like roses. Complete the shade with a bead fringe of 1 1/4 inches wide.
A suggestion as to colour might be found useful. A pale green silk edged with pale green and gold braid, with pink chenille between, and forming the wreaths, would be extremely handsome. White glass beads should be employed for the fringe.
One of the most useful and latest novelties is the nightlight stand and shade. Not infrequently is it required in the sick-room or that of the night nursery, and until recently the only means of burning a nightlight was by the aid of a, fancy saucer or a glass holder. Now, a much more beautiful and beneficial scheme has been devised, which is depicted in Fig. 4. The stand consists of figured glass, and the light is placed under a globe, over which the shade is placed. The stand, together with the shade, costs only is. 0 1/2d.
A Nightlight Shade
As in the case of the candle shade, the nightlight shade shown in the photograph is made of corrugated linen, but it can be contrived in silk over a wire foundation, with a narrow fancy braid and bead fringe as an ornamentation.
All shapes and sizes of wire foundations can be made to order at most of the large drapery and electrical houses, the prices charged, of course, depending upon the amount of wire and labour entailed. But it might be said that the " Empire " foundation, which is largely used for standing lamps and for hanging in the centre of rooms, can generally be obtained at once.
Fig 4. A nightlight shade of corrugated linen or of silk over a wire foundation. A narrow braid and a bead fringe will complete the design Selfridge
It is quite easy to cover an Empire shape with silk, and decorate it in any desired style.
Embroidered chiffon, worked in a pretty design and lined with silk, is, without doubt, an admirable accomplishment, and one that gives a soft and dainty touch to any room.