Carnation (Dianthus)-"I am but human." The popular interpretation of this name is that it means a " flesh-coloured " flower, " carnis " being the genitive case of " caro " -" flesh," but in reality it means a " garland " flower, and has a far older origin. The name comes really from the Greeks, by whom it was called " the Flower of Jove," or " Dianthus," a name it still botanically retains. The real name is still kept in Sussex, where they are called " cornations," a corruption of "coronation." Spenser keeps the true expression in " Bring coronations and sops-in-wine," the latter being pinks, a small species of dianthus. The word thus comes from " coronae," and shows how largely these flowers were used in the formation of garlands and chaplets in former times.
Carnation (red)-" Alas ! for my poor heart ! "
Carnation (striped)-" Refusal."
Carnation (yellowy-" Disdain."
Carnation (Malmaison)-" Regal beauty."
Caryophyllus (gaily flower)-"perpetual loveliness."
Catch-fly (red)-" Youthful love."
CatCh-fly (white)-" Betrayed."
Cedar Leaf-" I live for thee." Much diversity of opinion exists as to which tree furnished the wood of the Cross, the Venerable Bede giving four-" Nailed were His Feet to Cedar, to Palm His Hands, Cypress His body bore, title on Olive stands "-the four kinds of wood being supposed to represent the four quarters of the globe. The gipsies maintain it was made of ash; other authorities give aspen and oak, but the following tradition prefers the cedar. According to a very old legend, the actual tree was cut down by Solomon (possibly having been destined for use in the building of the Temple), and buried on the spot which afterwards became covered by the Pool of Bethesda. At the time of our Lord's trial, the wood floated, and was seized upon by the Jews for making the Cross.
Cedar of Lebanon-" incorruptible."
Celandine (swallow-wort).-" Joys to come." So called because it is believed to flower with the coming of the swallow and to die with its going. The name is derived from the Greek " chelidon"-" a swallow." The shining yellow petals of pointed form have caused this flower to be compared to a " Star-like disk of burnish'd gold."
Cereus (creeping)-" Modest genius."
Chequered Fritillary-" Persecution."
Cherry-tree (white)-" Good education."
Cherry-tree (winter)-" Deception."
Chestnut-tree-" Do me justice." Three or four chestnuts are often enclosed together in one green husk, " armed with spikes" that ward off people, even as a reserved disposition tends to solitude.
China Aster-" Variety."
China Aster (double)-" I share your sentiments."
China Aster (single)-" I will remember."
China Pink-" Dislike."
China Rose-" Beauty ever new."
Chinese Chrysanthemum-"cheerfulness under adversity." The word comes from " chrysos " -"gold," and " anthemon "-" flower."
Christmas Rose-" Relieve my anxiety."
Chrysanthemum (red)-" I love you."
Chrysanthemum (white)-" Truth."
Chrysanthemum (yellow)-" Slighted love."
Cineraria-" Ever bright."
Cihquefoil (white)-" Maternal affection," or . " beloved daughter." In wet weather the leaves of this plant contract and bend to form a little tent, as it were, to cover the flower, like a loving mother bending over her child.
Cireaea-"Magically (or fatally) infatuating" or , " spell." Hence the word Circaean, from Circe, the sorceress who by her magic potions changed the companions of Ulysses into swine.
CistUs (rock rose)-u Popular favour."
CiStUs Gum-" I shall die to-morrow."
Citron-" Ill-natured beauty."
Clarkia-" Will you dance with me? "
Clematis-" Mental beauty."
Clematis (evergreen)-" Poverty."
Clot-bur-" Ill-manners," or " pertinacity."
Clove-pink-" Continued beauty."
Clover (four-leaved)-" Be mine," also " good luck."
Clover (red)-" Industry."
Clover (white)-" Remember me."
Clover (pink)-" Love's awakening."
Clover-grass-"Rural charms" or "charms unspoiled."
Cockscomb Amaranth-" Affection," " eccentricity."
Cockspur-" Pride." The white blossoming, or Virginian, hawthorn is thus called.
Coltsfoot-" Justice shall be done."
Columbine-" Folly." The name is derived from Latin " columba"-"a dove," on account of the resemblance the flower bears to a dove with wings outstretched. Some authorities derive its meaning of " folly " by likening the shape of the nectary, which turns over, to the caps of the old jesters, or the modern pictures of " Folly " in cap and bells. In that most interesting study, flowers and plants in heraldic badges, we find the columbine appeared in the crest of the old Barons Grey of Vitten. " His creste with the favron or (gold) sette on a left-hande glove argent (silver), out thereof issuyinge caste, over threade, a branche of collubyns blue, the stalk vert (green)."
Columbine (purple)-" Resolved to win."
Columbine (red)-" Anxious and trembling."
Columbine (pink)-" Pleasure."
Convolvulus-" Bonds." This pretty species of bindweed derives its name and meaning from two Latin words, "con"-"with," " volvo," " volutum "-" to wind or roll up."
Convolvulus (blue)-" Repose," " night-rest," or " night."
Convolvulus (major)-" Extinguished hopes."
Convolvulus (pink)-" Worth sustained by judicious and tender affection." Some very quaint ideas and terms are connected with this flower. In Ireland it is called the " Devil's garters," on account of its tendrils; in Wiltshire it is known as " our lady's nightcap "; and in Sussex, " old man's nightcap." Its cousin, the convolvulus of the tropics, blooms only at night.
Coral-wort-" Safeguard," coral being considered a powerful talisman against witchcraft, particularly for children.
Corchorus (Crocus Japonica)-"impatient of absence."
Coreopsis-" Always cheerful."
Coreopsis Arkansa-" Love at first sight."
Coriander-" Hidden worth."
Corn (broken)-" Quarrels."
Com (straw)-" Agreement."
Corn (bottle)-" Delicacy."
Com (cockle)-" Gentility."
Cornflower-" Kindness." A Russian story tells that a certain poet was once dangerously ill, and the Tsarina sent him some of these flowers, which he so greatly prized that at his request they were buried with him. Longfellow has a dainty allusion in his poem " Flowers: "
"Everywhere about us they are glowing, Some like stars, to tell us spring is born;
Corn-marigold-" Brightness." These bright golden flowers, which grow wild so abundantly in July and August, are first cousin to the familiar ox-eye daisy, and often called yellow ox-eye, as those are the white ox-eye, or " moon-daisy."
Com-rocket-" I aspire to thee."
To be continued. 2 A