The Use of Borax-milk-salts of Lemon-oxalic Acid-chloride of Lime

There are various chemicals which can be used for the removal of stains, their action varying in strength.

Borax. This only serves for the removal of freshly made tea, coffee, or fruit stains. Place the stained material over a basin and pour boiling water through. Rub with powdered borax and again pour boiling water through.

Milk. A simple method of removing freshly made ink-stains is to soak the stain in the milk, and then rinse thoroughly.

Salts of Lemon. As this is a strong poison it should be so labelled, and kept out of the reach of children and careless people. It should never be used on coloured material, and although it will do no damage to a strong fabric it ought to be used with caution on fine things. Salts of lemon is specially valuable for the removal of ink or iron-mould stains. Stretch the stained material over a basin and pour boiling water through. Rub on a little of the salts with a piece of rag, and dip the stain in the water. Repeat if necessary, and then rinse thoroughly.

Oxalic Acid. This should also be labelled "Poison." It is a white crystalline substance and must be dissolved in a little boiling water before use. It is very strong in its action, and should only be used for the removal of very obstinate stains, when other means have failed. Stretch the stained material over a cup or basin, pour a little boiling water through, and apply the liquid oxalic acid with a piece of rag. Always rinse the material at once after using any of these chemicals.

Chloride of Lime. This is another strong chemical, and, like oxalic acid, should only be resorted to in extreme cases. Chloride of lime is bought in a powder, and is prepared in the following manner:

Put a quarter of a pound into a strong basin, and pour over it one quart of boiling water. Allow this to soak for a day or two, stirring it occasionally with a piece of stick, then strain and bottle. Dilute with four times its bulk of water for the removal of stains. The stained part only should be dipped into a little of the liquid, and as soon as the stain disappears, the material must be rinsed in cold water.

When clothes have become a very bad colour, or are stained all over, a little of the prepared chloride of lime may be added to the water in which they are soaked.

Chloride of lime may be very destructive to fabrics if used too strong, or in a careless manner; it should, therefore, never be put into the hands of an ignorant person.

Turpentine. This is used to remove paint stains. Apply the turpentine with a piece of rag, and if the stain is obstinate, use a little ammonia as well.

Paraffin. This is also useful for the removal of paint stains. Dip the stain into the paraffin, rub between the fingers, and then wash with soap and water.