The Cardiff School of Art, under the head-mastership of Mr. James Bush,, is situated in Technical Buildings, Dumfriess Place. It is a finely flourishing institution, with an attendance of some 230 students, of whom a large proportion are women. Besides the headmaster, the fixed teaching staff consists of Mr. Jagger, A.r.c.a., Mrs. Bush, and Mr. Farr.

The school originated in a small art class established, in 1865, in the old Free Library Buildings in St. Mary's Street. Three years later this class was recognised by the Science and Art Department as a school of art, and its rapid growth soon necessitated its removal into larger premises, first to the Royal Arcade, then to the New Free Library Buildings, and finally to the premises which it at present occupies. The Cardiff City Council, which holds jurisdiction over the school, has decided to erect a new building for its accommodation in the Carthay's Park, which will offer the best possible conditions of study to the student engaged in art work of every description.

The training of art masters and art mistresses is an important branch of the school work, and- several present headmasters of well-known schools of art received their early training in the Cardiff school. There are also special classes for elementary school teachers, who not only carry the School of Art work into their schools, but also find that their teaching powers in general are much augmented by the facility with which they can demonstrate in coloured chalks on the blackboard. The women teachers take a very prominent place in these special classes, showing great aptitude for brush-drawing and design, which provide a wide scope for the display of taste and originality.

Popular Classes

The needlework and embroidery classes, which are, as a rule, taken in conjunction with the study of original design, are important and very popular features of the women students' work. The course of instruction includes the study of natural and conventional designs, ecclesiastical embroidery, and the study of the different kinds of early English embroidery and the fancy stitches employed.

The more advanced members of the class, which consists of forty students, execute very beautiful original work, drafted after a careful study of old-world masterpieces of needle-craft lent from time to time for the students' inspection, and from natural plant forms in the design class.

A knowledge of design is useful in the wood-carving class, a department of artistic handicraft in which the women students of the Cardiff Art School are coming much to the fore.

Drawing for reproduction is made a special feature of the school curriculum, and many students on finishing their course of study have taken good positions as black-and-white artists.

The clay modelling work done in the school is of a high standard, and many of our leading sculptors owe their early training to the Cardiff School of Art. Students, also, who pursue the arts of wood or stone carving have much improved the quality of their work by studying clay modelling.

A medal, awarded only in cases of special excellence in modelling, and designed by the donor, has been presented for competition amongst the students of the school by the famous sculptor Sir W. Goscombe John, R.a., who was himself a former student at the school.

Amongst the women students of distinction of recent years the Cardiff School is especially proud of the achievements of Miss Margaret L. Williams, who, having passed from it into a London studio, and thence into the Royal Academy School, won the majority of prizes for which she was eligible to compete in 1911 at that very important art centre.

The Cardiff School of Art, a flourishing institution, with a large preponderance of women amongst its students

The Cardiff School of Art, a flourishing institution, with a large preponderance of women amongst its students

The school of art provides tuition for continuing the instruction in drawing of pupils who have already gone through the course of study of the elementary and secondary day schools, and desire to have a systematic higher art training. It also specialises in the various occupations to which art can be applied. Students are prepared by special courses for the various teachers' drawing certificates of the Board of Education.

Classes meet every day (except Saturday, which is a whole holiday) from 10.30 a.m. to

1 p.m., and from 6.30 to 9.30 p.m., also on several afternoons a week for design and art needlework and painting in oil and water colour.

The school session, which is divided into three terms, lasts from the second Monday in September to the middle of July, with a short vacation at Christmas and Easter.

Evening Classes

The evening classes are divided into two parts - elementary and advanced. The elementary classes include those for freehand drawing, model drawing, light and shade, modelling in clay, geometrical drawing; and the advanced classes include advanced freehand drawing, shading models, shading ornaments from cast, perspective drawing, geometrical drawing, plant drawing from memory, perspective, the history and principles of ornament, architectural design and ornament, artistic anatomy, painting in monochrome, drawing from the antique, drawing from life, modelling in clay from casts, life, and designs. Fees, 12s. 6d. per session, 7s. 6d. per term.

Morning Classes

The payment of fees for the morning classes also gives admission to all the evening classes.

Subjects: Painting in oil and water colour, in addition to the subjects specified for the evening classes. Drawing and painting from life on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. Fees, 2 10s. per session (September to July); 1 15s. from January to July; 1 5s. from April 30 to

July 15.

Afternoon Classes

Subjects: Painting in oil and water colour, in addition to the subjects specified for the. evening classes. Time: Wednesdays, from 2.15 p.m. to 4.15 p.m. Fees, 15s. per session, 9s. per term. This payment also gives admission to the evening classes. Special courses of instruction in art, terminating with the examinations, are given in freehand, model, perspective, light and shade, geometrical drawing, and blackboard drawing, for which the sessional fee is 2s. 6d. per subject.

Life Class: Thursdays (men students), 7 to 9; Tuesdays (women students), 7 to 9. Fee, 7s. 6d. per session.

Painting Ornament: Tuesdays, 7.30 to 9.30. Fee, 3s. 9d. per session.

Principles of Ornament and Design: Tues-days, 6.30 to 7.30. Fee, 3s. 9d. per session. Special classes for elementary school teachers giving tuition in the new requirements of the Board of Education: Thursdays,

7 to 9.

For students who cannot attend on Thursday evenings: Saturdays, 10 to 12. Fee, 5s. per session.

Architecture: Teacher, E. C. M. Willmott, A.r.i.b.a. Time, Wednesdays, 7 to 8.15. Fee, 3s. 9d. per session.

This class has been designed to meet the requirements and conditions of the Board of Education in the subject. It embraces, in a large degree, the work to be prepared for the examinations of the Royal Institute of British Architects and the Society of Architects. Mr. Willmott, on the first night of the session, describes the ground to be covered in this subject, and the classwork is supplemented by lantern lectures at frequent intervals.

Students In Architecture

The architectural design class, for which the teacher is Mr. E. C. M. Willmott, A.r.i.b.a., meets on Thursdays, from 7 to 9. Fee, 7s. per session.

The work to be undertaken in this subject is such as to prepare students for the following examinations:

Board of Education examination in architectural design; R.i.b.a. final subject design; M.s.a. examination subject design; Honours stage building construction (Board of Education). Attention is given to the subjects of draughtsmanship, lettering, etc. Supervision and direction are given to those students who are preparing their testimonies of study for the R.i.b.a. examinations.

Subjects are set at stated intervals for advanced students, and a lecture is given upon each subject, students being introduced to the conditions, difficulties, and requirements of each.

For last session the subject set for the elementary class was a detached cottage. The entrance and staircase, the living-room, the parlour, the kitchen and offices, the bedrooms, the ground floor plan, the second floor plan, the section, the elevation.

The course undertaken by the advanced class included: A block of flats, a memorial tower in reinforced concrete, a plan for a garden city, a farm and outbuildings, and a cottage hospital.


For the wood-carving class the teacher is Mr. Thomas John. It meets once a week, from 7 to 9, the fee being 12s. 6d. per session.

In the first stage the course of instruction includes the sharpening and grinding of tools, the choice of wood most suitable for carving, practice in the use of the various tools, the carving of simple interlaced and strapwork panels, the study of leafage of various forms, and the application of exercises.

In the second stage students study the designing of working drawings, modelling parts of detail, ornament with more surface modelling, foliage and flowers of various styles, application of exercises, and the preservation of wood-carving.

Wood-carving students may attend the school of art on one other evening in the week without extra fee.

Students find their own tools and materials.

In the design and art needlework classes the teacher is Miss Lena Evans.

Time: Class A, Mondays, 2.30 to 3.30; Class B, Mondays, 3.30 to 4.30; Class C, Thursdays, 2.30 to 3.30; Class D, Thursdays, 3.30 to 4.30. Fees. 10s. 6d. per session, 6s. 6d. per term.

A special evening course in drawing (for sculptors, wood-carvers, etc.) is held in anatomy, clay modelling, and drawing, for which the course fee is 12s. 6d. per session, or 73. 6d. per term.

To be continued.

A wood carving class, and some of its work. In this department of handwork the women students are doing excellent work

A wood-carving class, and some of its work. In this department of handwork the women students are doing excellent work

Photo, W. Dighton

The East Gardens. Blickling Hall, the beautiful Norfolk seat of the Marquess of Lothian

The East Gardens. Blickling Hall, the beautiful Norfolk seat of the Marquess of Lothian

Photo.H. N King