Place an oven-shelf or an old tray on a couple of bricks in the centre of the floor, close the window and chimney, hang a blanket or sheet over the window and door, or paste paper over all crevices, not forgetting the keyhole. Put some red-hot coals in an old pan and scatter on them about 1 1/2 or 2 pounds of powdered sulphur; hurriedly close the door, and nail a blanket over the outside. Leave till the next day, opening the door for a little while before entering the room, so as to allow the fumes of the sulphur to escape. It should be remembered that sulphur will take the colour from paint, paper, draperies, etc. FLEAS are more usual in spring and summer than in winter; a good sprinkling of Persian powder will keep them from infesting any bedding.

FLIES are very prevalent in the summer, but more especially in the autumn. Persian powder deals with them effectually; so also do fly papers, which should be burnt after use.

Fly Papers

Spread treacle on thick, strong paper, scatter Persian insect powder over it, and place in prominent position.

Fly Traps

Cut a circular piece of card, rather larger than the top of a tumbler, make a hole half an inch in circumference in the centre, spread one side of the card, especially round the edges of the hole, with treacle. Partly fill a tumbler with soapsuds, put on the card cover with the sticky side downwards; this will attract the flies, and they will fall in and be drowned.

Saucers containing formalin in the proportion of 1 tea-spoonful to 1 quart of water may be placed in the room, as the inhalation of this proves fatal to flies.


These deposit their eggs on any thick woollen material, and when hatched the maggots eat through the warm, thick tissues. Saturating the part with strong liquid ammonia kills the insect; but many colours cannot stand such strong measures.

Pyrethum, or bitter apple powder, is a certain remedy; so also is freshly ground, strong pepper. Camphor, Russia-leather parings, and cedar-wood shavings, are also good preventatives.

When cupboards are infested with moths the walls should be brushed with a strong decoction of tobacco.

If moths have got into any furs or other material, a prolonged baking in a slow heat is sometimes a cure; but if the article be badly eaten it is better to sacrifice it rather than run the risk of the spreading of the plague.

To Destroy Moths In Carpets

Wring a cloth out of very hot water, place it on the infected part, and iron it with a very hot iron. Keating's powder is found to be very effectual.

The destructiveness of moths cannot be too highly emphasized; warmth and damp are conducive to their increase. Linen rags saturated in turpentine, even when they have become dry, are very helpful in preventing their attacks.

Red Ants

Oil of cloves or whole cloves scattered about in their haunts are said to be effectual in dispersing these tiny insects.

Gnats And Mosquitoes

Smearing the face and hands with oils of pennyroyal, geranium, or lemon keeps off these invaders. A bite should be touched with a little ammonia, or a weak lotion of soda and water, or any kind of spirit.


In order that a house should be kept free from moths the boxroom should receive frequent attention. It should be light, ventilated, and dry, as darkness, stuffiness, and damp are all conducive to the existence of these small visitants. Rubbish should not be allowed to accumulate, corners should be turned out, and boxes and their contents overhauled regularly. There should be several strong shelves to support light portmanteaux, hat-boxes, bags and bonnet-boxes; the heavier trunks are more easily accessible on the floor. Each box should have its strap and key attached to it. If the room is large, a cupboard for storing summer or winter clothes, and a chest for blankets, are great conveniences.