This section is from the book "The American Woman's Cook Book", by Ruth Berolzheimer. Also available from Amazon: The Domestic Arts Edition of the American Woman's Cook Book.
Often Used in Connection with Cooking
A la, au, aux - Dressed in a certain style.
a l' ancienne - In old style.
A la bourgeoise - In family style.
Artichaut - Artichoke.
Asperge - Asparagus.
Bombe glacee - A mold of ice-cream filled with a different kind of ice-cream or a water-ice.
Cafe noir - Black coffee.
Canard - Duck.
Cannelon - Meat stuffed, rolled up and roasted or braised.
Caviar - The salted roe of the sturgeon.
Champignons - Mushrooms.
Chaud-froid - Literally hot-cold. In cooking, a jellied sauce.
Chou - Cabbage.
Chou-fleur - Cauliflower.
Compote - A stew; often applied to fruits stewed in sirup.
Creme - Cream.
Croustade - Case for creamed meat or fish, made of bread, rice, etc.
Croutons - Small cubes of fried or toasted bread served with soup.
De, d' - Of.
A List of Foreign Words and Phrases (Continued)
En brochette - Impaled on a skewer.
En coquilles - In the shell.
Entrees - Small made dishes served between the heavy courses at a formal dinner.
Farci - Stuffed.
Fillets - Long, thin pieces of boneless meat or fish.
Fines herbes - Minced parsley, chives, chervil, etc.
Fondue - Literally "melted"; usually applied to cheese, or a combination of cheese, eggs and crumbs.
Fraises - Strawberries.
Frappe - Iced or semi-frozen.
Fromage - Cheese.
Gateau - Cake.
Gelee - Jelly.
Glace - Frozen or glazed.
Haricots verts - Small green string beans.
Hors d'geuvres - Side dishes or relishes. Usually served at the beginning of a meal.
Huitres - Oysters.
Jambon - Ham.
Jardiniere - Mixed vegetables served in their own sauce.
Julienne - A clear vegetable soup, invented by Jean Julien in 1875, containing vegetables cut in matchlike strips.
Laitue - Lettuce.
Macedoine - A mixture; usually vegetables, with or without meat, Sometimes applied to fruit mixtures.
Marrons - Chestnuts.
Meringue - Whites of eggs whipped to a standing froth with sugar.
Noir - Black.
Pain - Bread.
Pate - Paste, patty.
Pate de foie gras - A paste of goose livers.
Patisserie - Pastry.
Peche - Peach.
Petits pois - Small green peas.
Piece de resistance - The main dish in a meal; the roast.
Pois - Peas.
Pommes - Apples.
A List of Foreign Words and Phrases (Concluded)
Pommes de terre - Potatoes. Literally, "apples of the earth."
Potage - Soup.
Poulet - Chicken.
Puree - Ingredients rubbed through a sieve to make a thick soup; any thick paste, such as mashed potatoes. Ragout - A thick, highly seasoned stew. Rechauffe - Reheated or warmed-over. Ris de veau - Sweetbreads.
Rissoles - Minced fish or meat rolled in thin pastry and fried. Ron - Roast. Salade - Salad. Sorbet - Frozen punch. This name is often given to water-ice when several kinds of fruit are used. Souffle - Literally "puffed up." A delicate baked custard which may contain fruit, cheese, flaked fish, minced poultry, meat or vegetables. Tarte - Tart. Tartelette - A little tart. Timbale - An unsweetened custard, usually seasoned with fish, meat or vegetables, baked in a mold. Timbale Case - A small case of fried batter in which creamed mixtures and desserts are served. Tourte - A tart; a pie. Truffles - A species of fungi, similar to mushrooms, growing in clusters some inches below the surface of the ground. Used in seasoning and for a garnish. Tutti-frutti - Mixed fruits. Veloute - Velvety; smooth.