Assort the clothes before soaking them and never soak anything that has color in it; place the plain clothes and those most soiled in the bottom of the tub, the finer and cleaner ones on top. Soak the clothes the evening before or any time the day previous to their being washed. Wring them with a wringer, being careful to prevent the buttons from being wrung off. Again select the cleanest and finest clothes, put them through the washing machine with plenty of hot water and soap. All delicately tinted fabrics should only be washed on the board (not in the machine), with as little rubbing as possible, immediately rinsed and hung in a shady place to dry.
Flannels should not be rubbed on the board at all, unless absolutely necessary, rinsed in lukewarm, or cold water, if wool soap is used, wrung as dry as possible, shaken well and immediately hung up to dry where they will not freeze, do not sprinkle and iron as little as possible, stretching them instead, to keep the texture from matting and become close and nard.
Mix gloss with a little cold water, add a little kerosene, then enough boiling water until it looks clear (keep stirring while adding the water); boil five to ten minutes. If too thick when done add cold water. Always starch the fine, white clothes first, the light calicos, ginghams, etc., next, and the dark ones last. H. S.
Bees-wax and salt will make them as smooth as desired. Tie a lump of wax in a rag and keep it for that purpose, and when the iron is hot rub it first with the wax and then scour it with the salt; spread on a board or stove if no board is handy. W. G.
Fruit stains on white goods can very often be removed by pouring boiling water directly from the kettle over the spots or soak them in sweet milk. This must, however, be done before putting into water or before soap is used. May Rhodes.
Soak the stains in a weak solution of tincture of chloride and rinse immediately after with much water. The tincture of salt is more reliable in removing iron rust and quicker in its action than oxalic acid or mix salt with lemon juice and apply to the spots. Bell KaDell.
Take a piece of woolen cloth, place the lace on this, free it of all dust with a brush, and then apply some alum (which has been burnt, powdered and sifted through a fine sieve) with a soft brush. This will remove the tarnish and restore it to its former brightness if it has not been worn threadbare.
Use plenty of soft water, and soap that has no resin in it. Resin hardens the fibres of woolen goods and should never be used. The water in which they are scalded should be made quite blue with indigo. I. J.
Four pounds of sal soda, two ounces of borax, one ounce of sal tartar, one-half pint of water of ammonia, two ounces of spirits of camphor, one ounce of oil of turpentine, six pints of hot water. Dissolve the salts in the hot water and add the liquids in succession, mix well and bottle. Add one tablespoonful of this to each gallon of water used for soaking the clothes before washing and a little may be used in the washing water if necessary. Mrs. R.
Four to five pounds of tallow, a box of condensed lye, three pints of cold water. Put the tallow in an iron pot and dissolve by gentle heat then remove from the fire (it must be merely lukewarm). Dissolve the lye in three pints of cold water and add to the tallow, stirring it until it gets white and thick. Cover closely with a heavy cloth and stand it away until the next day, then cut up the soap, which has become hard, add hot water and keep stirring until all is dissolved; do not heat it again; pour it into a five-gallon jar and add enough water to fill it, then set aside for further use. Excellent for washing all things that have to be laundered, especially nice for machine use. Ada. Foltz.
Note. - Take one quart of the above soap, dissolve it in hot water, add one box of Lewis lye, when this is dissolved add enough water to make it four gallons. This soap is unsurpassed for scrubbing sinks, tables and floors. When wanted, dilute some of it in boiling water and use in place of hard soap. De L.
One can of Babbitt's potash, three pints of cold water, two heaping tablespoonfuls of powdered borax, five pounds of grease, one-half ounce of oil of sassafras; put grease over fire in kettle; cover with water; let boil thoroughly to wash all salt out of grease; pour into pans; set where it will harden; next day skim off the nice clean grease, weigh it, taking exactly five pounds. The day before you wish to make soap put borax and potash into pitcher, with three pints of cold water. Melt the grease to consistency of strained honey; put in sassafras, take from fire, pouring slowly the lye water; stir at least ten minutes, or until it begins to harden; then pour into a box you have previously lined with wet cotton cloth. Next day you can cut into cakes, and set away to dry.
Mrs. A. M. Seth.