If the soil is well firmed over the wet roots (117. Fall- or Spring-planting) and the soil is moist but not wet, it is rarely necessary to pour in water when transplanting. Even in the arid States this should not be practised, as firming very wet soil over the roots causes hardening and baking. It is poor policy, for the same reason, to transplant trees when the soil is wet and sticky. If heeled in wait until the ground is friable and works well. In orchard, with after-culture, watering is rarely needed except in the arid States, where it is applied to the whole surface, as during a rain. On the lawn, with evergreens and shrubs, watering may be needed. But such watering should be systematized. Dig away the surface earth around the crown and pour in water until the soil is well soaked. When settled away return the soil to prevent baking. Slight and frequent watering over a baked surface does more harm than good."

In planting, many experienced orchardists lean the trees to the south at an angle of about twenty degrees. When trees are set in this way in the prairie States they become upright in two or three years without making a crook in the stem, while trees set erect are liable to lean to the north (26. Stem-protection). In climates where trees set erect are not liable to lean to the north, the inclination to the south in setting is not required.