This section is from the book "The American Garden Vol. XI", by L. H. Bailey. Also available from Amazon: American Horticultural Society A to Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants.
Some of the eastern prunes have also exceeded expectations in size and quality of fruit and hardness of tree. Of those well and widely tested, the Black Prune and the Ungarish have been most liked.
The latter variety is really equal for any use to some of the varieties grown in California.
We have seen the device to which you refer as a blackberry bush pruner, but we find a pair of hedge-shears, or the Standard tree pruner on short handles, better for that work.
Probably the Best Blackberries for general purposes in the colder parts of the north are Snyder for early, Ancient Briton for mid-season, and Stone's Hardy for late.
We are rapidly coming to a time when we shall have no greater fear of the codlin moth and the curculio than we have of the potato-bug. We will spray our trees as regularly as we prune them.
Lithospermum canescens (Fig. 3). This interesting plant grows on the prairies in the eastern, middle and western states. When its native haunts are converted into fields, it still flourishes along the road-sides. The pretty orange-yellow flowers are borne in one-sided racemes, sometimes three or more to a single stalk. The leaves are small, oblong and covered with silky hairs.
The root is often several feet in length, dark brownish red on the outside, with a light center and dark veins which, when bruised, emit a bright pinkish red fluid, which is sometimes used in coloring, especially by the school children, whose cheeks and fingers often bear evidence of having been in contact with "Indian paint." From each of these perennial roots spring one or several stalks which, with their pretty, bright blossoms and small, neat leaves, form a very attractive cluster. It should be known in cultivation, and is worth the improver's study. - Walter A. Lynn, Iowa.
I wish, through the columns of the Garden, to ask the following questions of your horticultural readers : Who knows of new varieties of fruits having been the result of "bud variation ?" Have such new varieties been the result of accident, or was it known that such buds had varied upon the parent tree, and the buds been taken with the hope of reproducing the variation ? How many and what varieties of what fruits have been so produced, and what were the conditions and circumstances attending their production ? Have certain whole limbs upon fruit trees (and not artificially inserted), been known to produce fruit entirely different from that borne by the rest of the tree ? I shalll be much pleased if the above brings out a large number of replies; provided that they contain facts, and not guesses. - C. L. Hopkins, Washington, D. C.
The quinces should be washed and wiped clean; then pare quarter and core them; weigh the fruit, and weigh an equal weight of white sugar. But do not boil them together now, as that would harden the quince, and here is the secret of this rich fruit being so often spoiled. Put two and a half pounds of prepared fruit in a preserve kettle with a quart of cold water, and let these boil a half hour; they will then be soft and eatable; then add a saltspoon of salt to keep them from breaking, two and a half pounds of sugar, and boil slowly one hour longer. Sweet or sour apples in quarters may be added. The sour will boil to a mash, while the sweet will keep whole. If all housekeepers had this recipe, the price of quinces would increase considerably.