This section is from the book "The Gardener V2", by William Thomson. Also available from Amazon: The New Organic Grower: A Master's Manual of Tools and Techniques for the Home and Market Gardener.
We have placed these first because, as before stated, the home-growers can never compete with the Americans with dessert varieties. Moreover, our surest croppers are mostly Kitchen Apples, and if Apple-growing is to pay, large crops must be uniformly produced, and not at intervals of years only. *
This is a very large handsomely-shaped codlin; a free bearer, good grower, and at home anywhere in Great Britain or Ireland (October to November).
Although not so handsome as the last, it is a sure cropper and a good Kitchen Apple.
A very free-bearing, handsome Apple; the growth is healthy, but it is apt to bear too freely, and so fail to grow. Nourishment, and the removal of terminal flower-buds from the young shoots, coupled with the judicious thinning of the fruit, will correct this tendency (October).
One of the very best in every respect, and is also a handsome Apple (November to December).
Another of the very best. Grows to a large size, and is an immense bearer.
Another Apple worth cultivating in the smallest garden.It is a first-rate keeper.
A very free-bearing early variety (August to September).
Another first-rate early kind.
A very beautiful fruit (wall, October).
This, on a wall, is a very valuable Apple for winter use.
This cankers, but is a universal favourite; it keeps well, bears well, and is by no means particular to climate. We are sorely tempted to add to this list, but we really think it is too long for the class for which this is written. The very best kinds, from an economical point of view, are marked with an asterisk. This constitutes a second selection.
We can scarcely hope that our selection will prove universally acceptable within these Islands; but those who garden in lake districts, especially if the principles of cultivation which we have endeavoured to explain are carried out, may rest assured that the selection made is suitable, for every one of them grows and thrives well north of the Forth. Most of our notes indeed, from which we make the selection, are the results obtained in a Fifeshire garden. Those who are favoured with very favourable climate and soil may advantageously add to our selection; but our advice, in closing, is - make your selection from gardens or orchards in your own locality, for very great mistakes have occurred by planting trees, suitable enough in one locality perhaps, but totally unsuited to the circumstances under which they were placed in another.
A. H. H.