This has been one of the coldest and dullest springs, on the whole, which we have known for years, and vegetation has made very slow progress generally, except seeds, which I never remember ever seeing grow with greater vigour. Our earliest positions for early vegetables to succeed those in frames are on ridges thrown up sharply to the sun; borders under high walls have not been so favourable. A number of old lights laid flat on the surface have brought the seedlings on rapidly, gaining a fortnight on those by their side which remain uncovered. They are raised on bricks as the plants advance in size. Plant preservers have also done good service. They can be carried through doorways and placed in any position without trouble; they bring on Lettuce, Cauliflower, Carrots, Radishes, etc, very quickly. They are very useful for early Potatoes and French Beans, both being easily destroyed by frost. Many early crops will require frequent attention, as they may have been destroyed by fly, slugs, or birds. Dustings of lime or soot may do much to keep depredators in check. Sowing seeds with red lead dusted over them does much to keep birds off them. Crops of every sort sown early may require thinning soon.

If seed has been sown very thickly, thinning should have attention as soon as the seedlings can be handled; thin them out piecemeal so as to prevent the young plants from being drawn up weakly. This applies to Carrots, Turnips, Onions, Parsnips, Beet, and Parsley; the thinnings of these can be planted out for a crop. Let all crops be thinned so that sun and air can get freely among the leaves, and to the soil. On strong soils more thinning is required. Chicory and broad-leaved Dandelion, if not already sown, should now have attention. Sow full crops of Peas (two or three times in the month), Broad Beans, Scarlet-runners, French Beans, and Beet. Keep up successions of salads by sowing in small quantities at short periods. Radishes, Spinach, and similar crops may be sown between other crops: ground will thus be saved. Endive of sorts may be sown about the end of month. Plant out Cabbage, Brussels-Sprouts, Kale, Savoys, Cauliflower, early Broccoli, or any other crops, before they become drawn in the beds. When time can be spared to prick out seedling plants of the Bras-sica tribe, preparatory to planting them out, they are greatly improved by the operation, except Cabbage, which may be planted, so that every other plant can be cut out for use.

All the Brassica kinds may be planted from 2 to 2 1/2 feet apart. Three feet on some soils is not too much for Broccolis. Celery to be planted out soon should be grown steadily without any check, either from want of water, cold draughts, or continued cold drenching. Plenty of well-rotted manure is absolutely necessary to grow highly-flavoured Celery. Card-oons, if not required very early, may be sown in the trenches. Thin herbs in time; sow Chervil. Leeks may now be thinned and planted out. They require abundance of strong manure to grow them in. If Potatoes are through the soil, they may have earth drawn over the tops as protection from frost. New Zealand Spinach may be planted out under hand-lights or other protection. Capsicums should be grown freely with plenty of air on, looking out for greenfly; pot them on as they may require it. Tomatoes to be planted on walls or fences may be hardened gradually. Those forcing under glass and swelling their fruit should not be overcropped. If they can be trained by one stem without being stopped, they will produce finer fruit and more of it. They then should have all laterals rubbed off, leaving the flowers; but want of space causes topping to be practised.

Ridge Cucumbers, Ghirkins, and Vegetable Marrows should now be well forward, and hardened gradually to fit them for being turned out at end of month. Ridges may be made for them, warm manure and leaves placed in, and the soil placed over the fermenting material. The plants can then be put in their positions, 4 to 6 feet apart, under hand-lights. French Beaus in frames should have plenty of air; sprinkle them over head, and shut up early, harvesting sun-heat. Keep them rather dry when they are in flower. M. T.