The season has now arrived when practical men turn their attention to renovation and improvement of their gardens. It is well to note the weak points, and find out the best remedies to strengthen such. If it is the absence of sound drainage, it may have attention at earliest convenience : this is too often looked upon as a remedy for evils which a proper system of deep cultivation would abolish. When land of a tenacious character is turned over shallow and careless, the crops, whatever they are, root quickly through this to the hard bottom, through which they cannot penetrate; rain rests there till it has had time to percolate into any crevice or crack which affords an outlet. When drought sets in, plants are then baked in the shallow surface, and either shrivel up or become the victims of mildew or vermin. It may be argued that the bottom is so barren that if it was turned to the surface nothing could exist in it but weeds. With such we have had to deal for a number of years, and now we never had better crops, and prepare the land by turning up a deep spade depth, and the crumbs to the surface - then the bottom is turned over as deep as a "grafting" tool can move it (this tool is something like a curved draining-spade); the bottom layer being thus prepared allows water to pass off quickly, and roots of plants are also safe from drought in dry seasons (such as we experienced here during last spring and early summer, when we were nine or ten weeks with drying winds and total absence of a single shower). The bottom layer becomes enriched, and in course of time may be brought to the surface in small proportions to act as a purifier to the top layer of soil.

Light surfaces may often be improved with an addition of heavy soil worked into them; and heavy land is of course improved by light sharp soil being mixed with it. Preparations for crops to be planted this month (such as Cabbage, Lettuce, Batavian Endive, or any other) should be thoroughly trenched, and the manure placed evenly under the top spit. In spring, when growth becomes active, the roots then run greedily downwards away from drought. Were this practice more general, there would be less experience of the evils of premature seeding of Cabbage. Space does not allow us to give instances of experiments we have tried, which have, in every case, proved the fallacy of shallow talk.

It is not uncommon at this season to see gardens belonging to the amateur class left in dishabille just as all crops ceased to produce, and weeds and decaying matter offending the eye in every direction. A special effort should be made to remove all that is unsightly and useless: it may be collected on any vacant space, cov-ered with soil, and at the proper time i can be turned into the trenches; or where there is a proper rubbish-heap; (kept free from stones and sticks), all vegetable matter can be rotted and returned to the garden as manure. Wood - ashes, road - scrapings, turf- | parings, or such material mixed with this, are good for any kind of land. Preparation for Cabbage may be made now, and the plants, if plentiful, which were pricked out to become strong, may be planted a foot each way to give a supply in spring by cutting out every alternate plant for use, leaving a full crop 2 feet apart on the ground for main supply; dust with ashes, finely sifted, and mixed with soot or lime, over the whole surface of the ground and round the collars of the plants, as prevention of grubs, slugs, etc. A watering about twice with clear lime-water generally prevents the destruction of roots by grubs.

All growing crops should be properly hoed, and any decaying leaves cleared off as soon as they are detected. Any crops requiring thinning should have timely attention. Spinach and Lettuce sown where they are to remain till they are used should be carefully thinned. The thinnings of both, planted carefully in suitable positions, make good succession to the earlier sowings. Plant plenty of Brown Cos Lettuce, All the Year Round, Brown Dutch, Hick's Hardy, or Hardy Hammersmith, and there is a likelihood of a plentiful supply at the proper time. On ridges, or by walls and hedges which give shelter from north and east, are suitable positions. Batavian Endive is very hardy, and when nicely blanched in spring is nutty and of most agreeable flavour. Endive should be somewhat thick on the ground where frames are to be placed over the crops; and those plants which are ready for use may be tied up to blanch, or have slates laid over them to exclude light and air. Asparagus-beds may be cleaned; if the "grass" is ripe it should be cut within a few inches of the surface of the soil. When the stems are extra strong and not well ripened, it is better to leave them above the soil, as they are liable, when cut close, to cause rotting at the crown.

A covering with manure to the depth of 2 inches is beneficial as protection; but where the ground is low-lying and damp, coverings which are likely to hold water are dangerous to the plants in severe weather. Channels to carry off surface-water as quickly as possible may be made with much advantage to the roots, and of course to next season's supply of "grass." Beet, Carrots, a few Parsnips for a short supply, Salsafy, Scorzonera, Chicory, and Dandelion roots may be lifted, put in pits in dry positions, or stored in cellars; but all of these roots may be kept in the ground covered with ashes or litter, to be dug as required. Many prefer Beet and Carrots fresh dug from the ground : this is a matter of taste. We know they do not keep well when dug up in full vigour of growth at top and bottom. Cauliflower may now be turning in plentifully, and can be lifted to a shed or behind a wall to be kept back. Sudden changes to frost must be watched, which would probably do much damage to Cauliflower turning into use, as well as other things. Cauliflower plants may be planted under hand-lights and other protection to stand the winter.

A frame full of young plants now would be of much value in March if well cared for; but they should have all the light and air possible - only kept under the lights when the weather is very severe and when rains are very heavy. The shelter of a wall or hedge from north and east is always a good position for young plants to stand the winter.

The earthing-up of Celery is now an important matter, and pains should be taken to keep the hearts free from the soil; a slight tie with matting or some other material (which would soon waste after the earthing-up was done with) is advantageous. Leeks grown as Celery plants may be done in a similar manner. Onions should now be stored, if not already done - a quantity of the best which are wanted to keep till May should be selected. Those which are firm, solid, and extra small at necks are the best. They can be tied into bunches or to sticks, and hung up in an open, thoroughly dry shed. Plenty of dry cool air is what suits them. If spread on floors they should be kept thin and free from any refuse. Winter Onions should be well hoed, but not to interfere with their roots. Weeds or litter should have no place among the crop. Parsley should be trimmed slightly, if not done in August and September. I "Rogues" (as market-men call the coarse worthless kinds) should be pulled out, in order that the plants may be stiff in growth and well hardened to stand against severe frost. Potato-lifting should be finished as parly as circumstances will allow. They keep always well in Potato-pits, placed where water will not harbour about them. Dry airy shelves suit well for stock to be saved for planting.

They should be separated from those which are for domestic use. Vegetable forcing will have already commenced in well-appointed gardens. French Beans coming into flower should have liberal supplies of air and all the light possible. Plant successions every fortnight, always being guided by the demand and means to grow them : heat about 60° at night suits them, with a rise of sun-heat. Seakale and Rhubarb may now be placed in heat, the former kept close from air. Asparagus may be lifted when ready and placed on a bed or warm leaves about 70° to 80°, and covered with light rich soil, watered when dry, and when the produce is in full growth give plenty of light and air. Carrots may again be sown in frames when they are wanted young. They do best in light sandy loam. They must not be coddled for want of air. Mushrooms may be abundant now. They require little attention at this season out of doors, further than a soft covering of litter : make beds often, using good manure not exhausted. Tomatoes in bearing under glass may be treated as those outside: allow them plenty of light and air.

M. T.