All gardeners know something of grafting, but what I desire to know is, Whether is it best to graft a strong-growing scion upon a weak-growing stock, or vice versa 1 There is a tendency among some Rose-growers to dispense with stocks altogether, and to depend entirely on own-root Roses, An amateur wrote to tell me the other day that none of his Roses on the Brier stock were killed: but he added that the stocks - i.e., the Briers themselves - were killed, leaving the poor Roses rootless 'twixt earth and sky. I have seen the same effect in Yorkshire many times; and it is now a well-known fact that, hardy as the Brier undoubtedly is in its native lair - I mean, hedge or wood - it is very often killed in the garden. Of course Briers are more exposed in the garden, but I believe that they are weakened most by that miserable mop-like wisp of Rose-twigs budded on their crowns. No one will for a moment deny that to nurserymen, grafting is a necessary means to quick manufacture of stock : it is convenient, but is it the best way %

Mr Simpson, of Wortley Hall Gardens, sends me flowers of Coelogyne cristata, representing the old type, and a much "improved" form with larger flowers and a deeper orange-yellow blotch on the lip. The best form also blooms more profusely. It was like Cypripedium Maulei, Laelia alba, Lycaste virginalis, and many other good things, imported by accident as it were, and is no doubt one of nature's own " improved " forms.

It is very wicked, I know, but a malicious gardener writes to say that all the "improved" strains of seeds he bought last season were not equal in results to pinches of home-saved seeds that brother gardeners gave him or sent to him by post. What he suggests is that a few "improved" seedsmen would be an advantage to practical gardeners. All I can say is, that his heresy and schism does not apply to Mr Simpson's Coelogyne; and I trust that with further experience he will think better of the seedsmen, who unfortunately, in the matter of choice seeds, are often entirely at the mercy of others.

Why are not the varieties of Paeony Moutan, the hardy or half-hardy Tree Pasony of northern China, not more often seen forced into bloom at this season? Brought on gently in an intermediate temperature, they are very fine in flower and distinct in leafage. Like Spiraea, Prunus, Solomon's Seal, Lily of the Valley, Deutzia, and many other of our finest spring-blooming greenhouse-plants, they may best be grown in the open air for the greater part of the year. Just now their great rosy or peach-stained flowers are very welcome, and many of them are delicately fragrant. For cut flowers and for drawing-room vases, half-a-dozen great blooms go a long way, as the saying is, and they are effective.

The crimson-blossomed Pyrus (Cydonia) japonica is now covered with its bright red buds, and I never saw it so profuse before - a result due rather to a warm dry autumn than to the exceptionally severe winter through which we have just passed. White, salmon, pink, rose, and blush shaded varieties have been raised on the Continent, but the old scarlet type remains the hardiest and most effective, - the best, in fact, in every way. In most places its gorgeous flowers are highly valued; and wherever there is a bare place on a south or west wall, one might "go farther and fare worse" by not planting - well, planting - this fine native of Japan.

I am not one of those who believe that the young gardener of to-day is less efficient or less attentive to his studies than the young gardener of the past, but one fact in the modern man is worth notice. I allude to his eagerness to get under the shelter of a glass roof. "To be employed in the houses" is the height of his ambition, and a good hardy-plant man can't well be obtained either "for love or money.' Out of fifty replies to an advertisement for a young journeyman gardener, forty-three manage to convey the idea, more or less explicitly, that they want to be "under glass." Two say "indoor or out," and with five others it remains an open question. A large proportion of these replies - nearly forty, in fact - were in good bold handwriting, spelling correct, and grammar also, on the whole, very good. Only one solitary reply out of the whole fifty was really bad. Here it is : -

"My Dere sur, - hif you want a gud mann hin the hose I wil con fur a pund a weak as you sed in yure hadvartsmen that 18 shillgs pur weak wad be givn I wad like to hev a pund has I know my bussines as well as heny hed gardner - yurs, etc".

"P.S. - write back return post has I may be wanted sumwere".

Comment upon this letter would be superfluous. One or two others whose writing was certainly irreproachable said they were "not particular" as to wages, but would be contented to accept "from 30s. to 50s. per week." Three would only come on condition that they should succeed to the " foreman's place " if he left " during their time." One man could " play the organ," one had been " used to a cow," and two of them could "sing in a quire." One young gentleman, who wrote on fancy heavily-perfumed note-paper, enclosed his carte-de-visite, and remarked that he had a "lovely tenor voice." I wrote off to my friend Mr Mapleson at once on his behalf. Once or twice I regretted I did not telegraph instead. Two others - one aged nineteen, the other twenty-four- wanted "a place in which they could get married;" and three more offered premiums varying from 5 to 10 for the place. Seven were gardeners' sons, and referred to their fathers amongst other employers. One was a "humble boy," and two very rightly desired to have "a Christian master." Bat, as I before said, the great anxiety of their minds - the one idea struggling to the surface - of more consequence to them than the organ, the cow, the quire, Christian master, foreman's place, or lovely tenor voice, is the morbid craving to be " under glass." Writer.