A good Dendrobium just now in flower is D. formosum giganteum, with its great ivory-white flowers almost lily-like in size and purity, the only bit of colour being a broad blotch of orange-yellow on the lip. I saw this in first-rate condition at Loxford Hall the other day, the plants being grown in wood baskets, suspended from the roof of a warm Orchid-house. The great blossoms are valuable for cutting, and if left upon the parent plant in a suitable atmosphere they will endure for a month or six weeks quite fresh and perfect. D. chrysotis, another good kind, is quite distinct, bearing five to nine golden-yellow flowers on a drooping spike, the elegantly fringed lip being a great ornament to the flower.

Vanda caerulea is one of the choice and popular Orchids now imported by the hundred every year; and yet how rarely is a really good and perfectly healthy plant to be met with in our collections ! It flowers very freely if it has been grown well. The difficulty in this matter is to induce free and healthy growth. It is one of the hill Orchids of India, which will endure a great range of temperature. I find a warm Cattleya-house suits it best, being particular to leave a ventilator quite near to the plants open night and day, except in the most severe weather. If potted, the compost of charcoal, crocks, and sphagnum cannot be too loose and open; but I find it succeeds best upon a shallow raft of hard thorn or elder-wood. It delights to twine its great thick roots on timber, or to shoot them out into the genial moist atmosphere.

There has been a good deal written, at one time or other, concerning the "resting" and "drying off" of orchidaceous plants, and there are some species which will not succeed for long unless so treated. Plei-ones and Calanthes are examples; but there is a large proportion of species that do not require - even although they may withstand - a period of absolute repose. It is more to the point to grow Orchids in small, light, span-roofed houses, where they may occupy positions near to the glass, and so obtain full advantage of sunlight and air. Plants so grown flower freely without any of that "resting" or "ripening" process to which the Orchid-growers of the past attached so much mystery. Give Orchids plenty of sunlight, air, and moisture, especially atmospheric moisture, and abundance of flowers will be the result.

Of good hardy flowers for October there is no scarcity. The best just now are Primula capitata, bearing dense purple flower-heads on long stalks. Rudbeckia Newmanni is producing its black-eyed, golden, daisy-like flowers in abundance; so also is the purple-flowered Senecio pulcher. Tritomas contrast boldly with the silvery plumes of Pampas-grass and late-planted Lilium auratums, and specimens are still gay and showy. Eryngium amethystinum is still effective; so also are single Dahlias and Michaelmas Daisies (Asters). Aster laevis is one of the best now, forming a dense mass of nearly blue flowers, each the size of a shilling. How comes it that the golden Jasminum nudicaule is flowering thus early? (Oct. 11th.) Summer-flowering Chrysanthemums are yet gay. Of all perennial Sunflowers, the finest is Helianthus multi-florus simplex maximus (Parker), a noble plant now bearing flowers 4 to 6 inches in diameter, and of a fine golden colour.

I was at Hampton Court the other day with some friends, and while admiring the best portions of the carpet-bedding very much, I could not help regretting the fact that hardy flowers are so wretchedly poor there. And yet, in but few other gardens I just now remember are hardy flowers more appropriate than at Hampton - an old English residence, and one of the few palaces at which somewhat of the old-fashioned pleasaunce still remains. The sunken gardens on the route to the old "penny wonder" (I mean the Vine, not the maze) were doubtless once enlivened with the Daffodils, Carnations, Rockets, Bears' Ears, and other old English flowers, of which Parkinson speaks so knowingly and so lovingly in his 'Paradise.' He would be a wise man in his time who, possessing an old-fashioned garden like that at Hampton Court, could rise to the occasion, and fill it well and boldly with equally interesting and appropriate old-fashioned hardy flowers.

Anthurium Andreanum in reality is, after all, a far finer and more effective plant than either drawings or descriptions have yet led us to believe. I saw many plants of it in brilliant array of many spathes some few days ago, and shall not forget the sight. Originally discovered by M. Triana, the honour of introducing it alive to Europe for the first time remains to Mr Ed. Andre. The brilliancy of the sculptured spathe as seen in the sunlight is wonderful, quite putting Schertzer's plant into the shade, while its spathes endure for ten or twelve weeks in perfection. In "another place;' I saw a marvellous variety of this plant amongst a mass of Orchids in bloom. The effect of it was wonderful, its scarlet effulgence heightened by contrast with the great snowy flowers of Dendrobium formosum giganteum, Odontoglossum Alexandra, and the drooping sprays of Oncidium Rogersi, and other choice species.

Second only in value to the pearly Eucharis are Pancratium fra-grans and rotatum, and their near ally Hymenocallis macroste-phana. All are most valuable for choice white flowers during the autumnal months, and when once well established, no plants can possibly be easier to cultivate and bloom. Of the same class and culture is Urceolina pendula, with its gracefully drooping golden bells, and just now very freely produced. So much for the stove. For the conservatory or greenhouse few plants can rival the old and well-known Valotta purpurea when well grown. The great secret with all bulbous plants of this class is to grow them on until the pots are filled with bulbs and roots, after which time the plants may be judiciously assisted when growing by an occasional allowance of liquid manure, or a handful or two of soot, guano, and bone-meal, well mixed together with a little potting soil.

A plant introduced years ago with a great flourish of big trumpets is now very rarely seen. I allude to the fruiting Myrtle, Eugenia ugni. It produces its black-currant-like fruits very freely; and by some its Strawberry-like flavour, blended with a Pine-apple-like perfume, is much admired. It is well worth a place in a cool conservatory, and may be grown in the open air during the summer months.

Calceolaria bicolor is a most effective old species when well grown. I saw it in a cool greenhouse the other day at Mr Joad's of Wimbledon, trained up a rafter, and admired its masses of yellow and white flowers. The plant was growing in a deep border of light loamy soil. The annual C. chelidonoides is, I find, much admired, although a weed on our sandy borders. It grows freely every year from self-sown seeds, and forms a nice companion to similarly habited Linarias, especially for (J. maroccana, to which it is an effective contrast.

One of the finest of fruiting shrubs I have seen this season is the old Euonymus latifolius, the broad-leaved Spindle-tree. Crataegus coccineus has also been very fine. Hollies are everywhere laden with berries, yellow and red; while one of the old Yew-trees at Hampton was literally all aglow with berries. I saw a bush of the old "Tea-tree," Lycium barbarum, the other day, bearing long racemes of vivid scarlet berries - rather a novelty in its way, but most effective, as I can testify. One of the best of all fruiting shrubs when seen in perfection, as sometimes near London, is the common blue Passion-flower (P. caerulea). It blooms splendidly here, but we cannot get it to fruit. Perhaps the age of the plants has something to do with the question, or cross-fertilisation may be to some extent necessary. Its drooping egg-shaped fruits are so showy that it is worth a little extra trouble in order to be sure of having them.