All growers of the " Queen of Autumn," otherwise known as the Chrysanthemum, will now reap the results of their labour for the past eight or ten months. Of white kinds, Mrs G. Rundle and Elaine are now (Nov. 9) fairly in bloom, the latter being especially valuable as a good pure white flower for bouquets and other decorative uses. The finest whites for late use are Fair Maid of Guernsey, Ethel, Snowdrop, Fleur de Marie, and Empress of India. Even beneath sunny walls White Queen and St Mary are yet very lovely, and afford good blooms for the flower-basket. Of yellows, Mrs Dixon (golden) and George Glenny (sulphur) - both sportive relations of Mrs Rundle - are good. Mr Brunlees is a good Indian red; Angelina a good bronze or amber; Mr Bunn also a fine yellow. And to contrast with the white and gold kinds, there are few of the more highly coloured red or ruby-tinted varieties that surpass Dr Sharpe as an early flower, although Progne beats it in colour later in the season, and has, moreover, a delicate perfume. Anent Dr Sharpe, I wish to say how much it resembles the coloured plate in Curtis's 'Botanical Magazine,' vol. x. p. 327, there called C. indicum - perhaps wrongly so, since (J. indicum seems to have belonged to the small-flowered race, or Pompone kinds.

This plate and our Dr Sharpe are identical (both showing a fair double crimson-purple flower with quilled florets) - rather interesting, seeing that the plate in the 'Magazine' was published as long ago as 1796. This curious coincidence is suggestive. Has this old variety lived through all the cultural vicissitudes of nearly a century 1 Or has it been recently "raised" over again from seed, and sent out as "new" by some modern grower? In other words, who was the raiser, sponsor, or distributor of Dr Sharpe - who "sent him out?"

When in London a few weeks ago, I visited Messrs Low's Clapton nursery, and there saw such a collection of Orchids as "made my mouth water," - if I may be permitted to use so expressive and familiar a quotation. The Phalaenopsis house, a low span-roofed structure of large area, is crowded with - I was going to say 5 Bank of England notes, but I mean with what is pretty much the same thing after all - established plants of Phalaenopsis in the most sturdy health and vigour of growth and flower-spikes. Taken in the mass, P. Schiller-iana is most largely represented. Would that the genial Orchid-loving old consul could just now peep in at Clapton to see his namesake in such healthy profusion ! How his thoughts would travel back to the time when a tiny plant opened its spike of two flowers in his collection at Hamburg for the first time ! There are also the varieties casta, and leucorrhada; even a plant or two of Veitchii has bloomed in this batch, and the variation of leaf, outline, and markings is so diverse that one irresistibly longs for a cheque-book or a supply of the aforesaid Bank of England paper, so that a few of the most "taking" specimens might be ours.

P. amabilis is another kind largely represented, together with other species less common. To attempt to describe these plants is useless; and speaking from experience, I advise all Orchid-growers, amateurs or otherwise, to accept Mr Low's published invitation to go and see for themselves. Of other Orchids the following may be especially noted as being represented in quantity. Of Odontoglossum Alexandra; and O. Pescatorei I am afraid to say how many thousands I saw here: to say that several large houses are entirely filled with its bulbs in all stages of growth is but little more satisfactory. As near as I can judge, however, and supposing that the plant was hardy in our climate, (as it pretty nearly is), there are now as many at the Clapton nursery as would plant two acres of land at a foot apart every way; or say in round numbers, close upon 100,000 ! I may be wrong, of course. I hope I am partly so, and that Mr Low has sold half of them since I saw them. Laelia purpurata, Zygopetalum maxillare, Cattleya Trianise, C. Mendelli, C. Dowiana, C. dolosa, and other kinds, were also there in batches; not " little bits," but fine healthy masses, with latent force enough in the great fat pseudo - bulbs to make specimens of them in good hands.

Of Dendrobium heterocarpum var. philip-pinense I saw a long side stage filled with hundreds of plants, the whole facing a bank of delicate primrose-coloured flowers. Cypriped-ium Stonei, and the still more rare C. laevigatum, Aerides Leeanum, A. suavissimum, A. quinquevulnerum, and many other kinds too numerous to name, were all there in fine condition.

Of neat and pretty little trailing-plants for a window or cool greenhouse, I have one now in my mind's eye (and, thanks to Mr Moore of Glasnevin Gardens, in the greenhouse also), that is of all things to be desired. I allude to the " blue-flowered Shamrock," (anent which English name I am confident, having had it direct from the maker thereof), or as it is known of the botanist, Parochaetus communis. For the benefit of those who do not know the plant under either of the above names, I will liken it in habit to a plant of white Clover, also supposing that instead of the bossy heads of many white flowers, only one blossom is produced at each axil of the creeping stem, and that one blossom of the size and colour of that of the "Chick Pea" or Chickling Vetch, yclept Lathyrus sativus in ye Latin, as opposed to the vulgar tongue. Now small blue Sweet-Pea-like flowers borne on slender stalks 2 or 3 inches high above a Clover-like tuft of trefoil leaves, is, as I take it, a great, if somewhat old-fashioned rarity; and as such I hereby most heartily commend it to all who care for plants of interest apart from bold colour effects.

I also give due notice to Mr Ware of Tottenham (the Hall-Farm nursery of that place), "so that he may be able to serve to such as may desire to have the same".

The writer of these notes hereby confesses to a love for what he considers one of the fairest beauties of a good spring garden. In plain words, he alludes to his fondness for Anemones of all kinds - A. alpina, sulphurea, fulgens, purpurea, blanda, Robinsoniana; and last, but not least, the common garden Anemone, single and double, "delighteth him beyond all measure," as Parkinson (or is it Gerarde?) says of them. I allude to them as fair in the spring time; but a good fairy (of which there are yet many in Ireland) brought to me on Friday, the 4th day of November last, a bunch of double and semi-double garden Anemones such as I, during half a lifetime affectionately spent in gardens, have rarely seen equalled even in the spring. They were grown on the Hill of Howth, a sunny spot on the warm side of Dublin Bay. Some of the flowers were nearly 4 inches across, and all but as double as a good Ranunculus, each rosette being borne aloft on a stout stalk nearly a foot in height, - the elegant frill of bracts below the blossom adding a befitting garniture of greenery beneath the flower. In colour they varied from purple, rose, lilac, magenta, crimson, scarlet, through all the more delicate shades of pink, rose, and salmon, into nearly pure white.

Some kinds had broadly cupped and others had narrow lance-shaped petals, but all were bright and beautiful, quite putting to shame some of our highest coloured Chrysanthemums with which I compared them. On first seeing them, I mistook them for artificial flowers cleverly made and artistically stained with the most vivid of coal-tar or aniline dyes. "Oh, shades of Judson!" thought I on further examination; "why, old Dame Nature can beat thee hollow; ah ! and in November too."Then after enjoying my excitement, the good fairy, yclept for the nonce St Brigid, told me how I might grow these lovely blossoms for myself, - the secret being, to obtain good seed and to sow it early in autumn, taking great care to place a thick layer of cow-manure a few inches below the surface of the bed upon which the seeds are to be sown. Another point is not to cover the seeds too thickly with earth; and again, during hot summer weather, waterings of cow-manure water strengthen the young growing plants amazingly. A strong point in growing these flowers from seed is never to allow the seedlings to suffer any check whatever, but to grow them on strongly and quickly up to the flowering stage.