The Marquis of Huntly's experiments in Turnip-storing on his Scotch estates, as recorded in the horticultural papers, are suggestive to gardeners as well as farmers in regard to the winter storage of root-crops.

"On the 29th of November last," he says, "we carried out the following experiments : First of all COO Turnips were left in the land as they grew, without any protection. I need not say that when these were taken up on the 26th of March this spring they were all rotten. Secondly, a row of GOO Turnips was furrowed up with the plough in the usual Aberdeenshire fashion, and when taken up about S3 per cent of these were rotten, or about five rotten to one whole Turnip. Thirdly, we tried what I might call the Forfarshire system, by opening a furrow with a single-boarded plough; two drills of Turnips pulled, without anything cut from them, were laid against the perpendicular side of the furrow and the soil turned back over them with the plough. Of these, about 28 per cent were destroyed or rotten, but of the good Turnips many were wet and dirty. Fourthly, we opened a deep furrow with a double-boarded plough; the Turnips were shorn of leaves with the scythe, harrowed out, and eight drills put into the furrow. They were partly covered by one round of the single-boarded plough, and the remaining uncovered portion covered with earth by spade.

Out of these 600 Turnips about 16 per cent were destroyed, but they did not come up quite so clean as they should have done, or as those in the next experiments we tried, and which I may call the English way, which was putting the Turnips into pits. I had three different pits or heaps, about 6 feet square. Into No. 1, 600 Turnips, as they were pulled, without anything cut off, were thrown. This is the ordinary way I have seen it done in Huntingdonshire since I was a boy. In the next, the 600 Turnips had the leaves cut off; and in the third pit, they had the leaves and the roots cut off. The pits were 3 to 4 feet high, and each contained about 1 1/2 cartload of Turnips, and were covered with 4 inches of earth. In No. 1. there were 552 healthy Turnips out of the 600, and 48 destroyed, or 8 per cent; in No. 2 there were 550, and 50 destroyed, or 8 per cent; and in No. 3 there were 570, and 35 destroyed, or 6 per cent; and the great advantage was that the bulbs were healthy, clean, and dry".

'Land and Water' gives an interesting account of the manufacture of a new manure named "Azotine," which is said to equal the best guano, and likely to supersede it to some extent.

"Man is, by the laws of society, obliged to clothe himself in garments made from vegetable or animal fibre, and in due time these garments decay and are consigned to the rag-bag. In this age of utility nothing is permitted to be wasted, hence these rags are divided into three categories. First, they are washed and purified, then after being unravelled they are made up into inferior cloth, and sold at a cheap rate. The remainder is carefully examined and all animal matter removed; it is then packed in bales and despatched to the papermakers, who give a good price for it. The rags of the third class are, or rather have been, considered almost valueless, as they cannot be used for cloth or paper. Hitherto they have been utilised for manure in a rough manner, by tearing them into pieces and burying them at a trifling depth below the earth, scattering them over the surface; but as this process is tedious, and the substance takes a long time to decompose and produce any effect upon vegetation, it scarcely repays the manual labour, so that cultivators do not care to employ it.

The plan was then tried of destroying the wool with caustic alkali, and throwing the blackened mass into the river, or of attacking the cotton with a strong acid, and reducing it to powder, whilst the wool was made up again. Thus the utilisation of one fibre occasioned the destruction of the other. This loss is prevented in the manufacture of azotine. The preparation of this new substance is founded upon the fact that all animal fibres, when submitted for some hours to the action of steam at a high temperature, and to a strong pressure, by which means a great modification takes place, a species of decomposition analogous to the action of caustic alkali, the material is transformed into a brown mass resembling caramel, which can be dissolved even in cold water. The operation is very simple, as fully described by M. A. Landureau, in an article contributed by him to the 'Journal d'Agriculture Progressive.' He states: We have tried this new manure this year upon one of our experimental fields of Beetroot, and rind it quite equal to the best guano. The most important circumstance from an industrial point of view is that this new fabrication being produced from refuse, the expense of making it is covered, and the azotine yields a net profit to the maker.

We believe that this discovery is of a nature to render great service to agriculture by the utilisation of refuse hitherto of no use".

The 'Field' gives what it calls Dr Lindley's recipe for a Vine-border, and thinks it explains a good deal in Vine-culture.

"With regard to the composition of the soil of Vine-borders, no cultivator who has written on Vine-growing has, so far as I am aware, quoted the late Dr Lindley on the subject; but although he was a theorist more than anything else, it is admitted by cultivators that his conclusions were wonderfully near the mark, and not a few of them have been completely verified in practice. •Speaking of the Hampton Court Vine, which has preserved its health and fertility for such a length of time - being in that respect a marvellous contrast to Vines under modern culture, which in so many cases die or become enfeebled whilst still in their infancy - he observes that it is growing in a finely divided alluvial soil, resting on gravel, the subsoil being dry and compact. It matters little what the material consists of, for a clay bottom may be equally good with a gravel one, if drained naturally, by fissures or other causes. In such situations the Vine finds all the elements it requires for its growth. The fertilising particles of matter are equally distributed through the soil.