Time was when kings and conquerors did not disdain the homely occupation of farming and gardening; when philosophy, in the persons of Plato and Epicurus, took up the gentle craft, and made their paradises - for so were gardens called in the olden days - real academies; when the rulers of Rome, with their proverbial magnificence, caused their gardens to rank among the wonders of the world; when, in our own land, princes and prelates loved gardens and gardening; and when Adam's craft - "There are no ancient gentlemen," says the Clown in "Hamlet," "but gardeners, ditchers, and grave-makers; they hold up Adam's profession" - was pursued with enthusiasm and delight by philosophers, statesmen, and courtiers. Gardening is a direct sign and warrant of civilisation. Without going back to the days of antiquity - when the Persians, the Greeks, and the Romans, borrowing the art from still more primitive people, filled their gardens with aromatic herbs, shady trees, and odorous flowers - we find abundant evidence of a knowledge of gardening among the highest and lowest in our land. - The Bookseller.