A short time since a correspondent sent us specimens of Vine-leaves taken from Vines which had been planted last January, and from which the foliage was dropping off yellow and prematurely, and the Vines dying. On examining the leaves we found them to be one mass of the breeding-galls of this destructive insect. We at once advised the destruction of the Vines and the stamping out of the pest without delay. The insect was found swarming on the roots, as has been described in the 'Gardener' for January. In answer to some questions about the history of these Vines, we are informed that a quantity of Roses and Carnations were received from Trance in frosty weather, about the beginning of the year, and when they were unpacked they were laid in a quantity of soil on the potting-bench, close to where the Vine-eyes were from which the young Vines were to be reared, and after they were rooted they were potted in the soil in which said Roses and Carnations were located for a time. There cannot be any doubt that the Phylloxera was thus imported direct from the Continent in connection with the Roses and Carnations, and we thus notice the case to put others on their guard against any similar risk.