Plants that were shifted to their fruiting-pots in March and April will now be growing rapidly, and filling their pots with roots. Much of the success in connection with this portion of the stock depends on the manner in which these are ventilated and watered. If they are over watered and syringed, and under-ventilated, the consequence will be a soft, watery,immaturedgrowth, that will render them not easily started into fruit when that is required of them. (In many instances Pines have not started satisfactorily this year, owing to the dull damp summer and autumn of last year.) On the other hand, if not sufficiently supplied with water, and too freely ventilated, the result will be a stunted growth that will be very apt to cause the plants to " button," or start prematurely. The medium between such extremes should be the aim - giving sufficient water through the heat of the summer to keep the soil regularly moist, and sufficient air to prevent their drawing up weakly. Put air on gradually as soon as the thermometer touches 80°, and increase it at intervals, reducing it by degrees also in the afternoon.

On bright days dew them over with a fine syringe, but not so heavily as to cause much water to lodge in the axils of the leaves, which has a tendency to produce suckers, and to cause a too soft growth of the leaves. Shut up early in the afternoon, so that for a short time the thermometer may stand at 90° with sun-heat. In the south, little or no fire-heat will now be necessary if the weather be summer-like. But in Scotland it is desirable to put a little heat into the pipes every night to keep the heat at 75° at midnight, allowing it to fall to 70° by morning. Winter-fruiting sorts, such as C. Rothschild, Cayennes, and Jamaicas, that have been rested for the last month by being kept cooler and drier, should now be started by giving them an increase of heat and moisture. These will succeed those that started early last month for autumn supply. All that have bloomed off should be syringed overhead three or four times weekly, avoiding wetting the crowns if possible. These, and other fruit that have not begun to colour, will now take a good supply of manure-water. We prefer guano to any other manure for Pines, and to water with a weak solution every time the plants require water, instead of giving stronger doses occasionally.

The early Queens will now be all, or nearly all, cut. Encourage the suckers on these by giving the plants a good watering, and allow them to growr on the plants till they attain size sufficient for 7 and 8 inch pots. But be sure and give them plenty of air along with the increased moisture, or they will be soft and watery. See that any of the young stock requiring a shift are attended to before they become pot-bound; and always pot when the soil is in a medium state of moisture, and pack the fresh soil firmly round the ball. Any fruit not yet ripe, and that are required as soon as possible, may be forced on with a high temperature when it can be derived from sun-heat. The thermometer may be run up to from 95° to 100° for a time after they are shut up, with a corresponding amount of atmospheric moisture, at the same time airing freely by day, or large unsightly crowns will be the result. See former Calendars regarding fruit that are ripening and ripe.