Succession plants that were shifted into their fruiting-pots in March and early in April will now have commenced to grow freely, and require to be carefully managed to prevent their making a soft, attenuated growth. The nights in May being frequently cold, a considerable amount of fire-heat is necessary to keep the minimum temperature at 65°, and such nights being frequently followed by bright sunny days, the fire-heat should be checked early in the morning and be kept as low as possible through such days; for there is no combination of circumstances worse for Pines than hot pipes, bright sun, and, as a necessary consequence, a maximum amount of ventilation. On mild nights the night temperature may range at 70°, after shutting up early with sun-heat for a time at 85°. Keep the atmosphere moist during sunny days by frequently damping the paths and other vacant spaces. Give a little air when the thermometer rises above 75°, and gradually increase it till noon; and after 3 p.m. decrease it in the same way until the houses or pits are shut up with the temperature already named from sun-heat. Watering must be carefully attended to; and while it is very undesirable to keep the soil too wet, it must not be allowed to become dry and cling away from the sides of the pots.

Give weak guano-water every time they require syringing, always dewing the foliage when the house is shut up. If a very bright time succeed to a time of dull weather, rather shade lightly for a few hours than allow the foliage to get severely browned, but do not continue the shade longer than necessary. Early-started Queens will now be swelling their fruits rapidly towards maturity. Keep them steadily moist at the root, and give plenty of air-moisture, especially when shut up early on the afternoons of bright days, when the heat may be allowed to run up near to 90° for a time. Start the fires in time to prevent the temperature from falling below 75° on mild, and 70° on cold nights. Remove all superfluous suckers if such have been left at the first thinning, leaving just enough to give plants enough for stock. Smooth Cayennes and other late sorts for early autumn supply should show fruit before the middle of the month. As soon as the fruit is discernible in the centres, see that they are moist at the root, and maintain a brisk heat with a moist air.

Those shifted late last autumn to form a succession to these will have grown freely the last two months, and if kept cooler, more airy, and slightly drier for a month, will start in June. Any of them that show signs of growth more than fruiting may be kept very dry for a few weeks, which will predispose them to start along with the others.

Pine Forcing #1

Plants intended to supply ripe fruit in autumn should start by the end of this month. If they have been kept cool and dry, as directed last month, and are in moderate-sized pots, there is generally not much difficulty in getting them to show fruit by subjecting them to increased top and bottom heat. Give them sufficient water to well moisten the whole soil, and raise the bottom-heat to about 90° and the air temperature to 75° at 10 p.m., allowing it to sink to 70° by 6 a.m. Any of the plants that show a tendency to grow instead of fruiting after the first good watering, should be kept dry for a time. The set of Smooth Cayennes intended to start in July, and that have been growing freely, should be kept cooler and drier all through this month. Keep a moist atmosphere with a high temperature from sun-heat where Pines are now swelling off. Keep them steadily moist at the root, and give clear, weak mauure-water or guano every time they are watered. Syringe the plants every hot day when the house is shut up, allowing the heat to run up to 90° or 95° for a time.

Early Queens will be ripe in the course of this month; and as soon as they begin to colour, gradually decrease the moisture in the air and lower the temperature a few degrees, and give air more freely on all fine days, in order to bring up the flavour to the highest point. Give them as much water at the root as will keep the plants fresh and active. The dryiug-off system in the case of Pines ripening in the heat of summer is a mistake. If more fruits ripen at once than are required, remove a portion of them, plants and all, to a cool, airy, and partially shaded place - such as a vinery where the Grapes are just ripe. Under such conditions the fruits keep fresh a few weeks. Give every attention to plants that were shifted into their fruiting - pots in spring. These are now growing rapidly. Shut up with sun - heat so that the temperature stands for a time at 85°, and start the fires in time to prevent it falling below 75° at 9 p.m. and 70° in the morning. Give a little air in the morning when the heat rises above 75°, gradually increasing it till noon, after which decrease it in the same way. They may be lightly syringed overhead every hot day when shut up.

Attend carefully to the watering, and keep the soil moist but not wet, and give weak guano-water every time they require watering. The use of fire-heat will now be at its minimum, and the less that is necessary to keep up the temperature for Pines in all stages the better.