Under the name of Tsuga Caroliniana, Prof. Sargent sends a drawing to the London Gardeners' Chronicle, with the following description:

"It is certainly a remarkable fact that such a very distinct tree as the Carolina Hemlock should have escaped the notice of the early botanical travellers in the Southern Allegheny Mountains. Neither W. Bartram, who crossed the mountains where it is found as early as 1777, nor the Michaux, fath-erand son, who ten years later made more than one visit to the same region, nor Fraser who was with them, nor M. A. Curtis, who explored more fully than any of his predecessors or successors the botany of the Alleghenies, appear to have been aware that the flora of Eastern America contained two species of Hemlock. It was not until 1850 that Prof. L. R. Gibbes, of Charleston, recognized an undescribed species in the Carolina Hemlock, for which he suggested several years later the provisional name (never published) of Pinus laxa, and it was only in 1881 that the species was properly characterized by Engelmann.

"From Tsuga Canadensis the Carolina Hemlock may be distinguished by its larger, wider, and darker colored leaves, six to ten lines long and nearly one line broad, retuse or often notched at the ends, without stomata above, and with two sto-mate bands below, and with strengthening cells (not found in the leaves of T. Canadensis) under the epidermis on the keel, midrib, and edges; by its larger cones, ten to sixteen lines long, the scales oblong, longer than wide, spreading when ripe at nearly right angles, the broad bracts slightly cuspidate, the seeds less than half the length of the narrow wing.

"The Carolina Hemlock is a small tree of compact pyramidal habit, with flattened spray, the branches densely clothed with dark green shining foliage, sometimes 50 or 60 feet in height, although the trunk rarely exceeds 2 feet in diameter. It is pretty widely distributed along the Blue Ridge west of the valley of the French Broad River in North Carolina, although nowhere common, and only a few individuals are found together in the same locality; it is strictly confined to the slopes and summits of dry rocky ridges, at an elevation of 20GO to 2500 feet above the sea level, where it is often found growing side by side with the more common T. Canadensis.

"The Carolina Hemlock is one of the most ornamental Conifers of Eastern America, recalling in its compact pyramidal habit and dense foliage, alpine specimens of the Western Tsuga Pattoniana. Although hardly known in cultivation yet, a few plants have been raised in the Arboretum. The climate of the region where it is found, however, indicates that Tsuga Caroliniana will prove hardy in the Northern States and in Europe. The illustration on p. 781 is from a drawing made by my associate, Mr. C. F. Faxon, and is taken from a specimen which I collected in September upon Caesar's Head, an outlaying spur of the Blue Ridge in South Carolina".

[We may add to this, that from a plant growing in Philadelphia it appears to be as hardy as the common hemlock spruce. The leaves appear to be more scattered on the branchlets, and are linear instead of tapering as in the well-known form. It is readily distinguishable by the foliage, a merit in the cultivator's eye, rare in coniferous trees. - Ed. G M].