For those who have large tracts of land to cultivate, the plough is of course the turner up of the soil. Hundreds have but small plots which must be tilled by hand. It is strange as one travels here and there to see so general a use of the spade for this purpose, when for over a quarter of a century efforts have been made to introduce the digging fork. It seems as if the mass of mankind can never learn. Of course where there is a thick sod, or weeds to dig under in a very light sand, the spade has yet to be used - but in probably 90 per cent, of cases where the spade is used, it could be done with the digging fork. More than double the work can be done in the same time, and with half the labor.

In like manner for hoeing and cultivating between rows, the merits of the wheel-hoe are comparatively unknown. Passing a large agricultural warehouse recently, the infinite variety of implements to draw or push, without wheels, offered was amazing, and more amazing to be told that the sales were very heavy. These things are tried for a few times and then thrown away. A wheel-hoe will enable one to do the work of a dozen men with an ordinary hand-hoe - and when once a man thoroughly understands it, he will not use others. Why then is the substitution so slow.

Another matter has often been surprising, that easily handled water carts or water engines are not in more general use both for vegetable gardens and orchards. There have been also many improvements in these of late years, which make the labor light in comparison with what it used to be. Some of the objections were to the amount of room so many differentimpiements occupied; but even here there have been improvements by which the running gear, which is usually the most cumbersome part, can be used for many different purposes. In connection with the water barrel idea, Mr. J. B. Bare of 831 Greenmount Avenue, Baltimore, has brought to our attention what seems to be an excellent idea in thus saving space for the utensils and implements, and labor at the same time. He calls it a "general utility cart." The running gear is shown in Fig. 1 with the manner of attaching a barrel to it. Fig. 2 shows the same when in motion. With a small force pump, hydro-pult, or common syringe, the emulsions and solutions for the destruction of insects, washing trees, or even sprinkling or watering garden vegetables, can be readily applied - while if baling or dipping be desirable, it can also be as easily done.

If it be desirable to use the same running gear for carrying out plants for bedding purposes, collecting potatoes or other vegetables, taking out small lots of manure, bringing in soil for potting, it comes in as just the thing. Fig. 3 shows how it works in this way. It does not appear by what Mr. Bates has shown us, that any attempt has been made to arrange the connection for hoes and cultivators, as referred to in the fore part of this article; but any one can see that it can readily be done - and indeed one of the chief thoughts we have had in preparing these " hints " now is. not only to give the hint to our readers to go on and profit by these admirable labor saving machines - but hints to those who have done so much to serve us by inventing them, to go on and do more for us.

June Fruit And Vegetable Gardening Seasonable Hint 34

Fig 1.

June Fruit And Vegetable Gardening Seasonable Hint 35

Fig. 2.

June Fruit And Vegetable Gardening Seasonable Hint 36

Fig. 3.