What these are, of course no one can tell, as the influences of mixed pollen on the germen, together with constitutional or spontaneous forces and complications, are almost endlessly diversified. I have noticed, however, in the seedlings which I have raised from seed accidentally impregnated, that the female parent almost universally transmits its own size, and usually its shape and color. Quality and season, I am impressed, come more frequently from the extraneous impregnating variety than do other points of resemblance. The first seedling pear I raised was from the Bartlett, and in about eight years a pear was produced in size, shape and color of the female parent; but, while melting, it was exceedingly sour. As I took the seed from my own garden, in which I had no such acid pear, and knew of none in the neighborhood, whence came its acidity? Was the seed self-fertilized only, and the sourness a constitutional or spontaneous tendency to degenerate? So it would seem; and hence we cannot say that, with such a tendency, we are sure of a true union of two pears when perchance the seed is equally fertilized by both. Aside from ordinary combinations, there seems to be frequently at work a force or influence we cannot account for, and it is generally for the worse.

A pear raised from the Anjou also nearly produced itself, excepting the power to ripen. Only rarely late in the spring could one be made edible - they ultimately perishing with black rot. How comes this peculiarity? A singular variety came from the Clairgeau. In close contiguity to where the tree grew was the Cornice. I flattered my patience with the hope that the latter might have fertilized the seed of the former, and thus give me a fine-flavored, large pear. In seven years specimens were produced, rather small at first, but they afterwards increased in size, and became as large as the Cornice and similar in shape, though earlier; were yellow, frequently with a blush, quite acid, and rotted badly on the tree. I could not discover a trace of the female parent in it. Though large and handsome, it was worthless. Believing that the seed of a small pear will almost invariably produce a small pear, and that of a large pear a large one (as virtually stated above), from a Dana's Honey I felt almost certain of a small fruit. So it proved, as it bore three the present year. The size is about as large and the color the same as the female parent, though shouldered like the Duchesse. They blew off before being matured, but the indications as to quality are not very favorable.

Seedlings from the Catherine and the Buffum have shown the size, shape and color of their female parents - the former almost a reproduction of the parent, even to flavor. A seedling from a medium-sized Cornice, from a lot presented by a friend, showed a fruit of about its size and color, but a little more pyriform, and a little later in season. The tree has a peculiar and distinct leaf, being wavy, long and dark green. From the Duchesse I produced a large yellowish fruit, though entirely worthless. But I pass to: