In our annual chapters on the work of authors in American Horticulture, the name of Samuel B. Parsons will find an honored place.

It must be going on forty years since the writer had placed in his hands "Parsons on the Rose." The pleasing style and manner of treatment made an impression that has never been obliterated. It did seem then that even Anacreon might pour out his soul more joyously, after perusing a book of roses, such as this. A new edition appeared some twenty years later, with, under the publisher's advice, much of the "sentiment" cut out. This cutting has been no gain. To-day the first edition is the most highly prized. It is a great mistake to decry sentiment. History tells us the sight of the stars and stripes in the early battles for the Union, brought tears to the eyes of those who fought for secession, and did more to strengthen the ranks of the Unionists than their numbers or resources. What is there in a bit of bunting? It is sentiment rules the world. A new edition is, we believe, in preparation, - and we will venture a hope, sub rosa, that the genial author may be allowed to follow his own instincts and return to his first love !

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Samuel B. Parsons was born at Flushing, Long Island, in 1819, in an old ancestral home dating back 150 years.

In 1839 there was the mulberry craze. Everybody planted. The lad of 20 years old was infected. He carried the fever to St. Croix, set out 25,000 mulberry buds, called a convention, and the silk excitement grew to its proportions in New York. The year following he travelled extensively through the West Indian Islands. On his return he commenced the nursery business on the ancestral farm. In his twenty-sixth year he took a voyage to Europe to study the horticulture of the Old World. The following year we find him adding to his experiences by exploring Florida. Palatka was then but an old barrack, and Jacksonville an obscure hamlet. Ten thousand dollars would have bought all the land within a mile radius in both. The whole State was a howling wilderness. He bought 160 acres near Blue Spring for $160. Orange trees were growing in Florida gardens, but so eaten by scale as to be practically worthless. Today - well! Mr. Parsons must glory in the change, as all do who have had any hand in bringing it about.

In 1859 we find him again on the Atlantic, commissioned by the United States Government to investigate the agriculture and horticulture of Sicily and the Ionian Islands. His reports appear in the report of the Agricultural Department of that period.

As a horticultural missionary, preaching the love of the beautiful and intelligent, as well as the mere routine of material prosperity, Mr. Parsons is well known over the whole land. Many have been the addresses he has given on that subject. Once in Florida he made a strong plea for his cause. He was rather taken down, when, after his earnest discourse, some of his auditors rose and commented on the folly of his efforts; what they wanted, they said, was something to eat and something to make money out of. They have both now, and flowers and gardens besides. He introduced for them the Navel Orange, over which the money makers are now excited; though they let his thousands of Camellia and other rare plants die on their hands. He started to show them what could be done to make money as well as make beauty, and his profitable orange nursery alone paid him back all he had ventured for their instruction.

It was once his hope to get the Government to establish an experimental garden in Florida, but his efforts were blighted just before final success. In like manner his efforts for roof gardens failed from time to time, but he has lived to see abundant evidences, in New York at least, of final success.

Another effort of many years has been to convince orchardis'.s that their plantations may be just as well made beautiful as not. Landscape gardening with fruit trees, in order that a fruit farm may be made beautiful, is an idea just as fully bound to grow to final success as his efforts to make Florida farms, as well as Florida woods and waste places "the land of flowers".

Very successful, also, have been his efforts to introduce a knowledge of our rarer trees and shrubs. Possibly to him, more than any one in our country, is horticulture indebted for a knowledge of the Stuartia, Virgilia, Andromeda ar-borea, Japan Maples, Rhododendrons, and hosts of other beautiful things, now getting, through his efforts, generally grown.

In the wonderful progress of our country in grape culture, he has also taken a successful hand. When the demand for the Delaware was so great, he grew and sold as many as 200,000 plants in one year. During the time when the American grapes were rising to such prominence, he raised of different varieties over 800,000 in each year. The houses for grape propagating were eventually turned into Camellia and Rhododendron houses, for which they continue in use.

Huge winter gardens for plants that can endure a temperature nearly to freezing, and large enough to have some beauty of arrangement in the interior of the house, has also been a favorite theme which will no doubt eventually be realized.

On the lamentable death of A. J. Downing, many eyes were metaphorically turned towards Flushing for a successor to the great leader that had done so much to raise horticulture in America to a high pinnacle of culture, refinement, and dignity. But few can stand the continual drag of editorial life, and at the same time bear the harassing wear of business cares. He declined the editorial chair, which was for a short t:me so well filled by Barry,:ill it was found too much for even his iron constitution, and John Jay Smith took charge of the Horticultureist.

His three score and ten will soon be reached. Horticulture cannot expect much more hard work from him. But it is a satisfaction for him to feel and for us to acknowledge, that he has left his mark on the pursuit we all love so much, and that what he has planted in this way will grow and bear good fruit long after he himself has passed away.