One does not need to own a twenty thousand dollar picture, painted by a master in the art, in order to enjoy it. In the picture gallery, or in the hall of the connoisseur, he is as free to criticise its points or revel in its beauties, as if its cost had been wholly his own. The educated observer has a share in picture pleasures in some degree equal to the educated possessor of the article admired.

This is just as true of landscape gardening. Hundreds who read these articles have but a small cottage, and a limited area of ground around it. The principles of landscape gardening that we would teach, will not give them a home and surroundings large enough, with wealth enough to put these principles into execution. But the teaching will enable them to share with others the work which others do. It will add to the pleasure with which they see the gardening work of others, and give zest to the visit to any well laid out park or public grounds.

It is indeed, one of the principles of landscape gardening to learn to profit by what others have done, and this is one of the most difficult branches of the art. It is chiefly on this account that the employment of an expert in landscape gardening art becomes so desirable. There may be a church in the distance, a fine dwelling, a hill, a grand clump of trees, a rocky eminence, a sheet of water, numberless points of interest that we do not own, but never tire of beholding. An unskilful planter will set the trees so that when they grow nothing will be seen of them. Only one who knows the kinds of trees well, and what they will become as they grow up, can so arrange them that these distant scraps of beauty will grow in interest every day, instead of being finally shut out from view altogether. The writer of this was on a place not long since where one of the most glorious pictures at a certain season of the year, was a gorgeous sunset. The place had been in a great measure judiciously planted. The landscape gardener in charge was a person of some eminence. In the main he had produced a delightful picture. But this pretty feature had been overlooked, and a belt of trees was planted right in the way of this pretty scene.

Go where we would over the grounds, there was no spot from whence one could see this lovely sunset picture, and the owner had to take our little party out into the public highway in order to give us a taste of this great pleasure. It could have been just" as well arranged in the planting, that one should sit on the piazza, or by seats on the lawn and enjoy it, but this had been forgotten. It is the power to foresee, and so arrange the planting that the greatest number of distinct views as possible may be obtained, that gives the distinction of a great artist to the landscape gardener.

In illustration of how these views may be had by judicious planting, we give one taken on the grounds of the late Judge Brown, of Rye, West Chester county, New York, now occupied by his son-in-law, S. K. Satterlee. The little glimpse of the distant sky with the water in the river gives a charm to the gardening which greatly enhances the value of the grounds. This one view may be taken advantage of by the artist, who could so deftly plant, that it could be used over and over again, and yet seem on the same grounds to be a wholly new scene every time.

A great obstacle in the way of good landscape gardening is the time it takes for the trees to grow up, and show the designer's true plan. The artist finishes his picture at once, when he asks you to admire. The artist in landscape gardening asks you to imagine what your place will be when you have grown old, or perchance the work you have done shall have passed into other hands. But in truth, much larger trees can be planted, and at a much lower cost than was at one time thought possible, and we need not wait over a year or two in order to enjoy the tasteful picture the landscape artist has conceived. Trees 20 feet high and half a foot or more thick can be moved several miles for a few dollars, and with as much success as the small sprigs usually relied on. It is only necessary that the tree itself is healthy, and not have had its vital powers strained by seed bearing, poverty of the soil, or some direct injury. We should start to dig out far enough away from the trunk to get the feeding roots, and go deep enough so as to get under with forks, so that the tree can be easily drawn over by its own weight. Any two-wheeled cart backed up against the tree, the trunk lashed to the shafts to be used as a lever, and the job is soon done.

The teaching whereby planters have been led to look after a " ball of earth," has been of more injury to landscape gardening than many people are well aware of. There is no reason why the average cost of moving such a large tree as we have described, moving it several miles, ought to be more than five dollars. The best time in the whole year to move these larger trees is as soon as the yellow tint shows the autumn leaves approaching. Very little pruning is necessary. The weaker shoots may be cut out leaving the stronger ones that have the full measure of life in them. If taken up as they should be, with a wide expanse of roots, they need no staking if properly planted. Care should be taken that there be no spaces, that the earth is rammed in everywhere. It is the unequal sinking of earth in rain storms, that makes trees topple over.

Drive Approach; S. K. Satterlee's Grounds, N. Y.

Drive Approach; S. K. Satterlee's Grounds, N. Y.

September Number 345 Flower Garden And Pleasure Gr 48

It is remarkable how some plant disease will come, no one knows why, and almost destroy a whole tribe of plants, and then go away no one knows how. At one time the hollyhock fungus swept over the land like wild-fire. Now it is gone again and hollyhocks are as lovely as ever. Seed should be sowed now, if plants are desired to flower next year. It likes a rich and cool soil.

So do lilies. Indeed most bulbous plants delight in such situations. It will soon be time to replant lily and other bulbs. After planting, if any rich material can be had to mulch the bed for the winter, the bulbs will like it all the better.

The dahlia did not lose cast from disease. It got unpopular for no reason. But it is regaining the lost ground. For fine flowers, the branches should be thinned out a little, and the flower should never suffer for the want of flower.

Our own native asters and golden-rods are being planted in some gardens. Few people have an idea how great is the variety among these simple things. The improved hardy phloxes are also being more planted than they were a few years ago, though still not to the extent they have been. But they do so well in our climate that every body should have them. The rage for geraniums and bedding plants has had much to do with the neglect of these nice things, but there is no reason for not having both.