I wish to institute a crusade against the House Sparrow, erroneously named English Sparrow. I would like to see the warfare waged throughout the United States. It is what I should term, in a certain sense, a holy war. I ask men, women and children to aid in their complete extermination with poison, trap and gun. I urge upon State Legislatures and the American Congress to legislate persistently for their wholesale destruction.

Asks some one, "Why such invective against a little bird? " I reply, because they are a national calamity, and unless put an end to will so prey upon fruits, vegetables and farm crops that it will be next to impossible to raise them. It seems to be the peculiar delight of this miserable bird to waste and consume these useful products of the earth. So far from accomplishing the object for which they were imported into this country, they make the trouble worse. The tent caterpillar was committing fearful ravages on fruit and ornamental trees. Certain zealous persons were " fully persuaded in their own minds" that this bird was expressly created to annihilate said caterpillar. It must be at once brought to this "land of the free, and home of the brave." Wonderful things were to follow such importation. Sir Caterpillar was to disappear like a dream of the night! The sparrow came, and the caterpillar yet lives. It crawls safely on the very nesting boxes of the puissant sparrow. It doesn't agree with it. Those birds that do devour the caterpillar are, many of them, at least, killed and driven off by the pugnacious sparrow. It was a grievous error ever bringing to this country such a tireless enemy to fruits and other crops. We must now strive to abolish them.

Some States have begun the destruction. Legislatures are legislating them out of existence. They were first imported in 1850. Eight pairs. Other importations followed. They have increased enormously; having established themselves in thirty-five States and Territories, overspreading 885,000 square miles. Heat and cold, the extrem-est, do not affect them. They are " iron-clad." Since 1872 it has spread over 59,000 square miles annually. The annual loss to gardens and orchards amounts to millions. Let me particularize to substantiate my position. I hope I do not fire "scattering shot." I am a warm friend of the birds. I enjoy them. Their carols are, to me, indeed, "music in the air." They are not molested at my home. They multiply about me. The air is vocal with them. But the detestable house sparrow has no friend here when I can wring off their heads. "Of all the native birds which habitually make their homes near the abodes of man, the Martin is the only species which is able to hold its own against the sparrows, and numerous instances are on record where even the Martin has been beaten and forced to abandon its former nesting-places by these belligerent aliens." (Ag. Report for 1886.) "Robins, Cat-birds, Yellow-birds, Orioles, Vireos, Phoebes are the greatest sufferers." " Our native birds have rapidly and steadily diminished in numbers since the sparrows came." - (Idem). " Indeed, it is safe to say that it now exerts a more marked effect upon the agricultural interests of this country than any other species of bird, and its unprecedented increase and spread, taken in connection with the extent of its ravages in certain districts, may be regarded with grave apprehension." - (Idem). " In the early spring it prevents the growth of a vast quantity of fruit by eating the germs from the fruit-buds of trees, bushes and vines, of which the peach, pear, plum, cherry, apple, apricot, currant and grape suffer most.

Lettuce, peas, beets, radishes, cabbages and cauliflower are attacked in turn. In some places they are obliged to cover gardens with netting." - (Idem). W. C. Percy reports: "They destroy more tomatoes, peas, beans, etc., than any other bird. In 1884-85, they ruined the peach and apple crops." N. A. Wood, Michigan: " They eat green peas as fast as they grow; also raspberries, blackberries and strawberries." Says F. M. Webster, Indiana: " These birds are worse than all other apple pests combined." From Bowling Green, Kentucky: " It has ruined the grape crops wholly where unprotected. Its consumption and waste of corn, wheat, rye, oats, barley and buckwheat in many parts of the country is enormous. It feeds upon the kernel when it is in the soft, milky state, and in fields of ripe grain it scatters upon the ground even more than it consumes. Instances are reported where in the place of a full or fair crop only the straw remained to be gathered." (Hoadley M. S.) In my next I will give more instances of its ravages, with your permission.

The Maples, Lexington, Ky.