We had, some time since, an inquiry as to what was this new fruit which was being pushed, as they say, to an enormous extent. We have inquired of a friend who has some acquaintance with it, and have the following account from him:

"The Melon Pear is Solanum melongena of botanists. It is a shrub, grows about two feet in height and breadth. The plants should be set out in the garden three feet apart each way, or if cultivated with a horse, in rows four feet a part, plants two feet in the rows.

" In about six weeks after being set out the fruit will show and commence ripening in about three months after planting and continue to ripen until frost. In locations where the ground does not freeze too deep the plants may then be cut down and covered with a few inches of soil until spring; or they may be taken up and kept in the cellar or greenhouse until danger from frost is over, when they may be again set out. Unripe fruit has been picked in October, before frost, and kept and ripened until the middle of February. The plant is a native of the Central American highlands where the thermometer falls to 300 Fahrenheit, showing that it will bear slight freezing. Where there are no frosts it bears continuously the whole year. It is an enormous bearer, but fruits best in a cool climate. The flowers are numerous and of a delicate shaded violet - the fruit, of the size and shape of a hen or goose egg; a beautiful pale orange with waves of bright violet, making the plant, both in fruit and bloom, an unrivalled addition as a decoration for the garden in summer, or greenhouse in winter.

" The fruit is of the consistence of a pear, with the flavor of a fine musk-melon, but also a charming acid, delightful in allaying thirst".

We were surprised to learn that the plant is not a pear at all, but one of the Solanum family; and it is to be regretted that in the hunt for common names something less likely to suggest deceit has not been discovered. If it be, as our friend says it is, Solanum melongena, it is not likely to be even new, for that is simply the egg plant, pure and simple, of which there are numberless forms, now united under the general name of S. esculentum. Possibly it may be a very interesting and desirable form notwithstanding its suspicious introductions.

The "Melon Pear" referred to on page 24, January number, came to us a year ago in such a way that we were induced to catalogue it, and we give you briefly our experience. It looked tender, however, so we potted part of the stock, and on the plants thus treated quite a number of the "Pears" were produced, and although some of them ripened perfectly (under glass in the autumn), no person could be found who would eat them a mere taste being sufficient for each. To the writer the flavor was unpleasant and nauseating.

Pittsburg, January 10, 1887.