In the course of some historical researches recently undertaken, I have come upon the following paragraph in Kalm's " Travels in North America:"*

" I have been told by all those who have made journies to the Southern parts of Canada, and to the river Mississippi, that the woods there abound with peach trees, which bear excellent fruit, and that the Indians of those parts say that those trees have been there from time immemorial".

This was written by Kalm, August 2, 1749, in Canada. The French voyageurs never carried peach trees to the Mississippi.

Again, in Turner's History of Western New York he speaks of the destruction of fine orchards of apple and peach trees in the villages of the Six Nations, by Sullivan's expedition in August, 1779.†

These were fine orchards and they were not all destroyed. The writer grafted with his own hand several apple trees of the Indian's planting near Geneva, Seneca Lake, N. Y., in 1841 - forty-six years ago - and he can testify that they were robust and vigorous trees, taking grafts readily. If the Lenni Lenape on the Delaware, the Six Nations of Central New York, and the Illinois of the Mississippi Valley, each and all cultivated peaches as early as 1700, if not from "time immemorial," is it not strong evidence that the peach is indigenous, equally with the Chickasaw plum, and the Catawba grape? See my communication in November number, 1882, page 347.

Philadelphia, August 2, 1887. [ Nothing is more certain than that the apple and the peach are not indigenous to America; it only then remains to investigate how these fruits got to this country so long before the observations of these writers were made.

*Kalm's "Travels into North America." Translated by John Reinhold Foster. 3 vols. 8vo. vol. II. p. 243. Written 1749, published 1771.

+ "0. Turner's History of (Western N. Y.) the Holland Purchase." Buffalo, 1849.

Now when an Indian refers to times "immemorial," we must remember that the memories of people who have no written language do not go back very far. Indeed it has been determined that in about half a dozen generations the language of the Indian tribes will so wholly change, that two branches of the same stock, will in that time, not understand each other.

Aside from these considerations, the apple and peach trees referred to, have been traced to the early missionaries in Canada and Florida. - Ed. G. M].