The Journal of Horticulture says:

" The first step after having decided the required size of the wreath when completed will be to form a circle, which is most frequently used, and for which I have adopted the name of "skeleton." These skeletons are very deceptive, and it is one of the commone errors with the uninitiated to make these much too large, and if the supply of flowers be somewhat scant the wreath in turn will present a very lean appearance. With a view of overcoming this I will briefly cite one or two examples. Presuming, then, that a wreath when complete is required to be about 12 inches in diameter, the size of the skeleton on which to build it should not exceed 6 inches in diameter when flowers such as Chrysanthemums and Camellias are in season, but which may be increased to 7 or 8 inches when choice flowers, as double Primulas, Bouvardias, Roman Hyacinths, and Lily of the Valley, are employed. The diameter of the first-named may be a surprise to many; it is, however, fully justified by experience, and is more readily understood if the breadth of a very ordinary Chrysanthemum, Camellia, or Eucharis be taken into account; with a moderate-sized flower of either of these, and some smaller sprays to furnish the sides, and with Fern fringing the inner and outer margins, it will be seen how easily the size may be increased twofold.

My idea of a full-sized wreath when finished and ready tor use is 15 or 16 inches in diameter (above that size I term them specials), and for this size a skeleton of 9 inches diameter will be ample.

" Having shown, then, something of how the size may be gauged, we must now construct the skeleton, and for this purpose galvanized iron wire will be found to answer well. Having got this into shape and of required size, next secure a hazel or willow to it and round the interior. This will prevent the wire revolving in the hands of the operator, and which frequently misplaces a flower or two, thereby causing inconvenience and annoyance. Having secured the hazel or willow to the wire, some fresh green moss 'should be bound tightly over it with small twine, which when finished should be slightly flattened. When this is done a firm surface about an inch, wide will be the result, and all will be ready for placing the flowers. There are several other ways of preparing these skeletons, some binding them with cotton wool, which I object to, on the ground of a green base for the flowers to rest upon being more suitable. Further, when the bulk of the flowers are arranged it frequently happens that by inserting small choice bits here and there a great improvement is made in the wreath. This may be done easily where moss is employed as a foundation, having a piece of stem wire to pierce the moss, and doubling it back as it emerges from the opposite side secures it in position.

When cotton wool is used it will not allow of wire passing through it. For these reasons, and for the fact that moss retains the moisture considerably longer than cotton wool, which robs the flowers of the little moisture which is about them, I am strongly in favor of a moss foundation. Wreath skeletons made in various sizes are sold by horticultural sundriesmen, but all I have seen are anything but suitable for the purpose. They consist of two wires arranged in circles at about 1 1/2 inches apart, and fixed by about four cross wires. This leaves a large cavity with which it is difficult to deal, and also uses an immense amount of binding wire in the work of arranging the flowers. One of the simplest contrivances I have seen is made of block tin cut in circles about three-quarters of an inch in width, or they may be made of scraps and soldered together. In the latter way, though a little more trouble in making, they are firmer than when cut out in one piece. Any tinman will make them. I have used these in quantity in sizes ranging from 5 to 12 inches in diameter".