My Dear Sir: - I have been much away from home of late, and now that I am at home I find myself quite too busy to indulge in writing, yet I must give you a few notes concerning the West and Western fruits and Fruit growers. First allow me to congratulate you that you have travelled the country between the Lakes and the Missisippi. I am sure that you have enjoyed your journey to Chicago, and return home, as I have done, thankful that you had lived to see the Garden of America, those vast prairies, the valley of the Mississippi - where nature has prepared a soil of the most wonderful fer. tility - the deepest and richest that the plough or the spade ever entered. All this you will readily assent to now that you have visited this wonderful country, and seen for yourself the growth of the trees and the size of the fruits.

From Chicago to Burlington on the Mississippi is a delightful days ride. You leave Chicago at 9 o'clock in the morning and reach Burlington in the evening about 8, having had ample time to discuss a good dinner at Mendota. The road is in excellent order* fine coaches, polite conductors and every thing in excellent trim. The country is prairie nearly all the way ; but do not not suppose it is monotonous, for on either side, villages, bran new and prosperous looking, enclosed farms with immsense corn fields like forests of poplars, great herds of cattle on the open prairies, luxuriating among the richest pasture, bits of woodland looming up here and there like islands in the ocean - these all invest the landscape with sufficient variety. It was all new to me and I enjoyed it right well, as I also did the prodigious stories which were related by every new passenger we picked up, concerning the growth of towns, prices of lands, etc, etc. Sometimes I lay up a stock of reading material when starting on a journey, but here I had no desire to read except in the book of nature.

A new field of study was spread before me.

Burlington, Iowa, is pleasantly situated on the west bank of the Mississippi, and contains at this time some 9 or 10,000 inhabitants. Part of the city is in a sort of basin, some 8 or 10 feet above the level of the river, with a bluff in the rear over 100 feet high. In other places the ground rises gradually from the river to the top of the bluff. As we crossed the river in the evening we were reminded of Newburg on the Hudson. The broken character of the ground renders the grading of streets a work of considerable labor, but it is going on vigorously. Spacious stores and comfortable dwellings are in process of erection on all sides, and there is every indication of substantial prosperity. Railroads have given this city a new birth, and her progress hereafter must be rapid. The population is of a superior character, the situation healthy, and there is every inducement for business men who are looking to the West to settle there. What interested me most was the orchards and gardens ; you will say, " Of course." I have never been taken so much by surprise as I was in visiting some of the gardens around Burlington. My curiosity was awakened by some specimens sent into the exhibition rooms of the Fruit Growers' Society. Beurre Diels weighing a pound and a half; Swan's Orange about as large ; Louise Bonne de Jersey, and Vicar of Winkfield, enormous.

Some monster Bart-lefts had been preserved in ice. Such a sight in the way of pears I have never seen, and I at once resolved to visit the trees and know all about them. Dr. Tallant, to whom I feel greatly indebted for many kind attentions, immediately conducted me to the garden of W. F. Coolbaugh, Esq., the well known Banker of Burlington.

His residence is on the top of the bluff and his garden contains scarcely an acre - there I found the pear trees - beautiful pyramids, all on quince plants about 7 or 8 years, now 8 to ten feet, or 12 feet high. The early varieties were of course gone, but I found on the trees Beurre Diel, Beurre d'Anjou, Vicar of Winkfield, Glout Morceau, Beurre d'Arcm-bcrg, and others, all nearly twice as large as good specimens grown in New York.

The trees were remarkably vigorous, and hung full of fruits - what a sight ! And all this without any special manures or culture of any kind - the ground was merely kept clean. One tree of Glout Morceau was blighted.

Dr. Tallant took us next to his own garden, which is situated in that part of the city which I have described as being in a basin. The garden is small, but filled to overflowing with the choicest fruits and flowers, and all in the finest possible condition.

His pear trees are still finer than at Mr. Coolbaugh's, and the specimens still larger. Brandyunne I observed a noble tree, and the Doctor told me that it bore specimens that weighed a pound 1 The trees were the same age and the varieties much the same as at Mr. Coolbaugh's. Quite near to Dr. Tallaut's we were shown a garden which was formerly owned and planted by his Excellency Gov. Grimes; planted at the same time as the others. The trees looked well, but had not received proper care latterly.

The Governor has a new residence on one of the highest points of ground, commanding an extensive and beautiful view of the river and surrounding country. His garden contains a large and fine collection of fruits, but the trees are young and not yet in full bearing. These which I have mentioned are all town gardens, and I assure you I do not know anything here in our famous valley that can equal them. What do you think of this?

The nurseries are no less wonderful I observed apple trees one season's growth from the root graft, nearly 6 feet high and stout in proportion.

Messrs. Comstock & Avery have, in various stages of growth, some 600,000 apple trees! Messrs. Neely and Brother have also a fine nursery of some 30 acres, with a fair proportion of the various fruits and ornamental articles. In these nurseries I observed that the Pear, Quince and Plum do not flourish on the deep prairie loam as they do on the bluffs, where the clay and limestone are nearer the surface. I was much surprised to see the Quince do so poorly; the shoots were slender as needles and had no leaves on. The Pears had been leafless nearly a couple of months. There is something to study here, and I wished for a month of,time to look into the matter thoroughly.

You will see this matter touched upon in the proceedings of the Fruit Growers. The exhibition of fruits made by the society was a splendid one. I really mean splendid, especially in apples. About 300 feet of tables were loaded with heaped-up dishes of monstrous fruit. You must pardon a free use of adjectives.

In one collection, that of Mr. A. Hillery, I should think that the specimens ranged between 18 and 25 ounces, and fair as wax work.

Yellow Belle-flowers, Ortleys, Maiden's Blush, Bambo, Fall Pippin, Vanderveer, &., so large that I barely recognised them.

The large hall was most tastefully and conveniently arranged. There were between 40 and 50 contributors from Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin, and New York. I have never before seen so large a collection of fruits gathered together from so wide an area ; from this you may judge how novel and instructive it was. I cannot go into any details respecting these collections farther than to say that the largest were:

Messrs. Avery and Comstock, Burlington, -

82 varieties of Apples.

W. Stewart & Son, Quincy, Ill. -

82 " "

Edson Harkness, Peoria, III.

42 •• "

Finley & Dwire, Davenport, Iowa, -

47 " "

John Belanger, Dover, Ill.......

47 "

A. R. Whitney, Franklin Grove, Lee Co., Ill. -

42 "

Arthur Bryant, President of the Society, ...

75 " "

D. F. Kinney, Rook Island, ................................

26 " "

A. Q. Hanford, Waukesha, Wis......

28 " "

Messrs. Leonard, Burlington, ............................................

65 " "

Messrs. Neeley & Brother, Burlington, - . .

22 " "

Rogers & Woodward, Marengo, Ill. ....

33 " "

Chas. H. Hibbard, " -

40 " "

A. Hillary, of Burlington, filled a table with superb specimens, forming the most attractive collection in the room.

Of New York contributors, there were Messrs. Thorp, Smith, and Hanchett, of Syracuse, 71 varieties of pears and 41 of apples.

T. C. Maxwell & Brother, of Geneva, 48 varieties of pears, and Primate and Wagner apples.

Manly & Mason, Buffalo, a collection of pears.

Ellwanger & Barry, 144 varieties of pears, 89 varieties of apples, and 79 varieties of Plums.

Dr. D. T. Hull, of Alton, celebrated as a successful peach grower, 5 varieties of pears and 2 of peaches; his large collection of peaches intended for the exhibition did not arrive in time.

These are but a part of the great display, enough to show what a gathering was there. You will find all the details in the published proceedings as soon as they get into print.

The discussions took a wide range, and will be read with great interest.

I had so many things to see in a short visit, that I was reluctantly compelled to absent myself from the rooms a considerable portion of the time.

I can say that I have never seen a meeting of this kind devote itself to its proper business with greater assiduity. The members were all men of real western energy of chsracter - workers, intelligent and communicative, as their proceedings will show. This society has a wide field to labor in, and a great work to perform, but it is fully equal to it The people of Burlington must be accorded the highest praise for the liberality and taste displayed in making arrangements for the meeting and for the generous hospitality towards the members and delegates individually.

His Excellency, Gov. Grimes, was with them from beginning to end, and participated heartily in the proceedings. At the close a sapper was given at which his Excellency presided. A number of appropriate sentiments were given and responded to by brief and spirited speeches. That of Gov. Grimes and W. F. Coolbaugh, Esq., I have never heard surpassed on similar occasions; both were impromptu, but pertinent and effective.

The "Daily Democratic Press," of Chicago, was ably represented by Wm. Bross, Esq. and its "Rural" correspondent, M. L. Dunlap, Esq.

The Chicago Democrat was well represented by J. C. Brayman, Esq., who made a very good report of the proceedings.

We all left Burlington well pleased. The Society had a pleasant and profitable meeting, and we may expect to see it turn out in its strength to our Rochester meeting next year. Then, if we live till then, We shall see something of American Fruits.

Excuse these hasty rambling notes and believe me, Yours, P. Barry.