Those who wish to try this mode of culture may do it with good effect I am not acquainted with any fruit-bearing tree, of which the fruit can be so much improved and accelerated to maturity by ringing as that of the Vine. By this process the ripeness is forwarded about a fortnight, and the berries are nearly double in their size. The result is just the same, whether the vine is growing out of doors or under glass. I have practised upon both for the last twelve or fourteen years, at various seasons of the vine's growth, and to some considerable extent. Having a favored situation round my home here, of course I have been enabled to do as I liked.

One of my walls is fourteen yards long, facing the south; and another wall is ten yards, facing the east; and the whole about seven feet and a half in height. The whole of the walls are covered with vines. The soil is good, and the situation is good; but the wall is not, being old and in bad condition. It is not my own property, or I would remove this evil.

The vines are generally cultivated upon the Hoare system, or, as it is called, the long-rod system ; but they are not so cultivated in every case, for sometimes an old bearer is spurred back to one or two buds, to carry its crop another year. My vines are very strong, and the rods, or branches, stand at least three feet, or even three feet six inches, distant from each other, when winter pruned. This allows just sufficient room for the fruit-bearing laterals, and a young rod to come up between every two bearers. This young rod, of course, to be the bearer of laterals the following year.

Thus, no vines cultivated on any other system are so capable of being rung, without the disadvantage of killing or losing the future useful part of the tree; because, on Hoare's long-rod system, the whole of the previous year's bearers will have to be cut entirely away.

The very right time to perform this ringing is just after the berries are all set, or have attained the size of No. 2 shot, or small peas. In ringing, cut with a sharp knife, clean round the branch between two joints. Or, if you are going to ring the laterals carrying the fruit, leave either two or three buds and leaves beyond the main stem, and make the ring just in the middle, between the third and fourth leaves, or joints. As I said before, make two cuts clean through the bark, quite down into the wood, one inch apart, and remove the bark clean away, all round the branch or lateral. By this means, if you are in the habit of spur pruning, the hinder buds are left all right to spur back to the following year. If you prune upon the long-rod system, you may ring the rod just wherever you please, - the whole branch if you like, - as this ringed part will have to be cut away entirely after the fruit is gathered.

The ringing is performed just the same on an old whole branch as in that of the young lateral carrying one or two bunches. I have repeatedly rung old branches, that have been carrying from twenty to thirty bunches of grapes, with the same good effect; only it has been such branches that I have intended to cut entirely away the following autumn. Of course, thinning out the berries of the bunches, and the bunches too,if excellence is to be aimed at, is of the utmost importance. The process of thinning cannot be too early attended to. I always begin as soon as the fruit is fairly set, and continue to remove all inferior berries, and this with a good pair of scissors, and clean fingers, - using my eyes to see what I am about, so as not to injure the berries by handling and mauling them.

• By thus practising ringing, I have produced for the last twelve or four-teen years, grapes, out-of-doors, that have puzzled many a tyro and other too.

Our indefatigable editors have both watched my progress in the vine culture, for years. My grapes have many a time puzzled the late Mr. Elphin-ston, when he was gardener to the late speaker to the House of Commons, now Lord Eversley, although I used to compete against him, with both indoor and out-door grapes, at our Hampshire horticultural show, in November. As a matter of course, I had read of ringing fruit trees, etc, but it never struck me to put the same into practice until about fourteen years ago, when my attention was called to it in an amateur friend's garden, - Mr. Frampton, glass and paint merchant of this city. I happened to walk in and look at some vines, to which he was paying great attention at that time. This was in the month of September, and here I first saw the ringing process of the vine. Seeing a few bunches of the Black Hamburgh so large in the berry, and all ripe, I began to inquire into the particulars, when Mr. Frampton kindly showed me where the branches were rung, and that the ringing was the cause of their being so very large and so early.

I then wanted to know whence Mr. Frampton obtained his information, when he showed it to me in the "Penny Cyclopaedia." from the pen of Professor Henslow. - Thos. Weaver, gardener to the Warden of Winchester College.

[It is quite true that we have watched for some years, with great interest, the experiment on ringing vines carried on by Mr. Weaver, and we can authenticate his statement of the mode of ringing, and its results. It must not be done in that petty, timid manner hinted at by a cotemporary. There must be a ring of bark perfectly removed; the cuts being made boldly down to the very young wood, or alburnum, and every particle of bark, inner and outer, must be removed between the cuts. (See engraving).

This drawing represents, faithfully, the ringed part of a rod at the close of autumn, and shows how the removal of the band of bark checked the return of the sap, and how, in consequence, the rod above the removed band increased in size beyond that portion of the rod below the band.

The effect upon the berries was, in every instance, to advance their early ripening a fortnight, and to about double the size and weight of the berries, when compared with those grown on unrung branches of the same vine. Nor was the color and bloom of the berries diminished; indeed, so excellent were they, that we have seen them exhibited deservedly by the side of grapes grown under glass, and they were sold in November, at Winchester, for half-a-crown a pound.

Ringing the branches of fruit trees, to render them fruitful, was practised in France, and recommended there in print, about one century and a half since There are various letters upon the subject in the early volumes of the Horticultural Society's transactions, and in one of them (Vol. I., p. 107), published in 1808, Mr. Williams, of Pitmaston, gives full directions for ringing the grape vine. He tells the result in these words: " I invariably found that the fruit not only ripened earlier, but that the berries were considerably larger than usual, and more highly flavored." - Ed. Cottage Gardener.']

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Another report on Ringing Grape-Vines has been supplied by Mr. Rivers with specimens of the result, which, as will be seen, is encouraging enough to justify further trial.

No. 1. A branch of Muscat of Alexandria, which had been ringed in a cold Vinery, produced a good bunch, nearly ripe, the characteristic yellow even appearing; the bunch on an unringed branch in the same house was much smaller and very far from ripe.

No. 2. A branch of Black Hamburgh produced a large well-grown bunch, but it was very badly colored, and far from ripe; an unringed branch bore a bunch intensely black and perfectly ripe, but not half the size of the other.

No. 3. A White Frontignan Vine that had been ringed produced two bunches nearly ripe» but smaller than usual; all the others shanked; an unexpected result, for Mr. Rivera informs us that at first nothing could be more promising than the appearance of these bunches. The shanking occurred all at once in one or two days.

If we regard the last case as inconclusive, the shanking being due, not to the ringing but to something wrong at the roots of a Vine very apt to suffer in that way, then it would seem that ringing has the effect of enlarging considerably the bunches, as was to be expected, from the inevitable accumulation of good sap above the ring and in the vicinity of the Grapes. Acceleration of ripening in the Muscats was counterbalanced by a retardation of ripening in the Hamburgh. The trial should therefore be renewed next year; and in forcing-houses as well as in a cold Vinery. - Ibid.

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The last Gardener's Chronicle says: - With reference to the experiments on Ringing the Vine, last week communicated by Mr. Rivers, that gentleman has sent us another bunch of Black Hamburgh Grapes which has evidently suffered injury; and he states that several more are in the same condition, while bunches on branches not ringed are all perfect and good. In the instance now before us we incline to the belief that the ringing has been too severe; either too deep or too broad, or both. For we find the wood below the ring very nearly dead, which would of course render it impossible for the Grapes to reach maturity. Undoubtedly the degree of ringing that may be allowed is a very important point for determination. Our own opinion is that the ring ought not to be wider than is necessary to prevent the return of the sap by the bark, nor deeper than the bark itself, care being taken not to injure the alburnum.