This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Gathered the crop of seven or eight trees of the Black Tartarian Cherry, part of which have now borne for three years. The tree proves very upright and vigorous, and quite ornamental; and the fruit large and fine, but very high flavored.
Black Heart, gathered at the same time, is very similar in both tree and fruit; the principal difference being that it is a little smaller, and more bitter before arriving at full maturity.
Kentish, or Early Richmond, is the earliest Morello yet in bearing. Gathered them to-day - nearly all ripe.
Received trees from an eastern nursery as Carnation which have this year borne a full crop, and prove in every respect identical with the last May Duke has borne three years, and fully sustains its long established reputation for flavor, size, and bearing.
Trees received from the east as Florence have now borne two crops, and appear to be identical with Bigarreau Couleur de Clair, or Flesh-Colored Bigarreau of Downing - ripe a few days earlier than Elton (bearing beside them), and decidedly superior to it in size and quality, although a casual observer might pronounce them identical. The Elton is, however, a more spreading or drooping tree, and so far a much greater bearer.
Gathered the Eltons to-day. The very open, spreading trees were indeed a sight worth seeing, and challenged the admiration of all who saw them. They are, so far, the greatest Cherries that have fruited with me; and notwithstanding Mr. Barry pronounced it and the Black Tartarian tender in this climate, (Genesee Farmer for 1850, p. 191,) they have, with me, passed safely through the trying winters of the past five or six years, embracing at least one of the most severe seasons that has been chronicled since the settlement of the country. We have trees of the sweet varieties hereabout of from fifteen to twenty years growth, and so far I have seen but a single case of the bursting of the bark, except among some quite young trees at Detroit Indeed, I believe they succeed as well as the Dukes or Morellos.
Mr. Barby also says of Bigarreau Hildesheim (Fruit Garden, p. 324): "The ends of the young shoots are apt to get winter killed;" but with me it has never lost a terminal bud during the three or four years I have cultivated it.
Also gathered the Bigarreau, which proves fully equal to its previous character, but as yet the Elton is the greater bearer. The Bigarreau is a more upright and compact grower, and consequently more ornamental.
Received trees from an eastern nursery as Knight's Early Black, which have now borne and prove identical with the above.
Gathered China Bigarreau, now just in bearing. There is some doubt of its identity. It ripens earlier than I expected, is more tender, and is one of the best, if not the best, flavored Cherry I have yet in bearing. It requires further trial.
Received trees of Holland Bigarreau from two sources, one of which, judging from habit of growth, is correct; while the other, which has now borne two crops, is obviously spurious. The spurious fruit is very large, oblong heart-shaped, about two inches long, rather slender, set in a very deep, narrow cavity. In outline and color it is much like Napoleon, but more broad and flattened at the apex; flesh very yellow and very firm, even more so than Napoleon, It will ripen a week later than Bigarreau, which it somewhat resembles in the growth of the trees.
American Amber, American Hearty Black Eagle, Napoleon, Belle de Choisey, and Burr's Seed-ling, have borne small crops this season, and promise well.
Elkhorn, or Tradeecant's Black has for two seasons produced a few specimens, but not enough to judge of its merits with certainty.
Sweet Montmorency, Plumstone Mortllo, and Large English Morello are just beginning to color, and will last some time after the common Morellos of this region are gone.
Merville de septembre is now bearing its second crop, yet small and green. It ripened last year the last of August and first of September.
Currants are now just ripe. I received bushes last year from two sources as Red and White Dutch, and I had previously what I called Common Red and White, They have this year borne side by side, and I am unable to discover the slightest difference, either in wood, foliage, or fruit, between the Dutch and the Common. In fact from all I can gather, I feel assured that in this part of the country, and also in Western New York, whence my "Common" stock was derived, the only difference between them arises from difference of treatment The Red, in both cases, is a more vigorous grower than the White, and more acid.
May's Victoria, received from Mr. Dougall last year, is now just beginning to color. It bore last season- - is quite large, and ripens very late. It is not quite as high flavored as the Dutch.
Black English is later still, and on account of its musky flavor is not attacked by birds, and as it looses its musk by cooking, it is valuable for tarts, jellies, etc.