This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Messrs. Geo. Seymour & Co., of Norwalk, Conn., sent us a colored drawing of this fruit, accompanied with the following observations on their mode of culture and treatment We had the annexed woodcut prepared from their drawing:
"We prepare the ground by plowing and manuring as for any ordinary crop. We then take young plants, cut them back to within six inches of the roots, and plant in rows eight feet by four apart. The first season we use the plow and cultivator both ways between the rows, keeping the ground in good tilth. Next, or the second season, we train the plants into the four feet spaces, leaving the eight feet spades for the plow and cultivator to work in. When the plants are five or six feet high, pinch out the leading shoot to induce the growth of vigorous side branches. In training, we prefer the bending mode to the upright.
"We regard this Blackberry as a very valuable addition to the list of small fruits, because it is so simple in its cultivation, bears regular and abundant crops, and when perfectly ripe is of a highly agreeable flavor".
We have only to add that from what we have seen and heard of this fruit, it cannot fail to be an object of very profitable culture within any reasonable distance of large cities. It ripens after Strawberries and Raspberries, and before Peaches, and therefore comes most opportunely as to season. And then its cultivation must be of the easiest possible kind - only give it rich soil, and keep it clean and well cultivated, and an abundance of large fruit is certain. No one need expect such wondrous large fruit, however, as people have witnessed at New Rochelle and Norwalk, in ordinary soil and with ordinary culture. Manure must be applied unsparingly, and the ground must be kept clean and friable as work can make it The Blackberry matures in midsummer, when we have usually very warm and dry weather, and any neglect of the soil would render the fruits worthless. We do not forget how Col. STODDARD astonished people with the size of his Alpine Strawberries. It was thought he had a new sort, when in fact he merely cultivated a little better than others.
Rich soil and: