ED. Western Horticulturist: Dear Sir - I believe there is at this time no diversity of opinion among Pomologists in regard to the alleged fact, that many varieties of fruits are greatly affected in size, flavor, appearance, fruitfulness, and even hardiness, by being planted and grown in different soils, localities and climates. That trees of many sorts and varieties may grow healthfully and vigorously, and be perfectly hardy in California, which will kill out by the far more rigorous winters of Iowa or Wisconsin, all fruit growers recognize as an established fact. Whether the physiological reasons for these things are well settled and understood, I will not, nor need I, now undertake to say.

But it is my present intention to introduce another subject in regard to which, while it is of the deepest concern to all fruit culturists, there is not a concurrence of public opinion. This being so, I introduce the topic without apology, with my own experience, observations and conclusions, together with the testimony of other fruit growers of undoubted experience, for the purpose of eliciting the opinions of others on the question involved. I hope every fruit grower, especially in the West, will freely communicate all the facts and experiences he may have had, which are germane to the subject.

The proposition, or problem, is, are certain varieties of fruits more hardy and prolific, and of superior size, beauty and flavor, when top-worked, that is, budded or grafted (the stock being hardy) two to five feet above the ground?

As I am aware that this is a controverted point, I will submit a statement of a few of the facts upon which I maintain the affirmative, for the consideration of those whose opinions are adverse to mine, as well as for those who have formed no definite conclusions in the matter of controversy. I shall give names and localities, so that if any desire to institute further investigations, they will have a fair opportunity of doing so.

On the first of April, 1872, I spent most of the day in the orchard of Mr. Drury Overton, one mile and a half from Knoxville, Iowa. This orchard contains from fifteen hundred to two thousand trees, most of which were planted twenty-three and twenty-four years ago, consequently passed the terrible winters of 1855 and '56, and 1856 and '7. Mr. Overton is an old nurseryman, having commenced the business in Henry county, Iowa, about thirty years ago; has been engaged in nursery and fruit growing ever since; is a modest and rather reticent man, but one of the closest and most vigilant observers in fruit culture within my knowledge. In planting this •orchard it so happened that almost every variety set out was divided between root and top grafts, hence affording a very favorable opportunity of testing the advantages . and disadvantages of the two modes of grafting. On the occasion stated, Mr. Overton accompanied me, and my subsequent remarks in quotations are substantially, and as nearly as possible, in his own words, and taken down in pencil by me as we passed and were observing each variety.