There should be nothing in the place or manner of their interment, to detract from our tender and respectful veneration for the dead. But this can hardly be avoided, if their graves are dug in a dismal and unsightly spot How much better to choose some retired, sunny slope, the most beautiful in the region around us, and make it sacred as a burial-place forever. Here, let there be trees with their grateful and soul-subduing shade; there, let us see the open lawn and cheerful sunshine; around us, on every hand, let us behold the opening bud and springing seed, types of the resurrection; and in the distance, let there be, if possible, glimpses of blue hills, suggestive of the mountains where the departed walk.

But leaving these points, let us turn to some more practical aspects of this subject. In choosing a site for a rural cemetery, land moderately elevated and dry should be selected. If the soil is not naturally dry, it should be made so by thorough under-draining. It should be as near to the center of the population as it can be without exposing it to the liability of ever being encroached upon.

A proper site having been obtained, the grounds should be laid out by persons competent to the task. The usual committee or trustees having the charge of founding a cemetery, can not do such a work, nor can an ordinary land-surveyor, nor every "old-country gardener." Before a single stone is turned, an artist should be secured, if possible, who can appreciate all the capabilities of the place, and can use them to the highest advantage. He should be instructed to prepare a plan suited alike to the nature and situation of the place he has to work upon, and to the wants and means of those whom he serves; and then his plan should be faithfully carried out But where a professional landscape gardener can not be obtained, let the matter be entrusted to a committee possessing reliable taste and judgment They surely will not commit the folly of mapping off the ground into squares, like a checker-board, with straight roads and walks, and these bounded by stiff Balsam Firs at regular distances. On the contrary, they will lay out certain main roads, leading by easy curves to all parts of the cemetery, and from these, gravelled walks will lead to every grave.

These roads will wind, not for the mere sake of winding, but because nature will indicate, here and there, that they should do so; as, for example, to avoid a tree, or hill, or rock, or pool of water. Moreover, a portion of the ground should be reserved, where the poor can buy lots at small expense, and where the friendless and the stranger can be suitably interred.

As to the trees suitable for such a cemetery, it is obvious that some variety should be sought for. Evergreens should form an important part; but were none others planted, a very sombre effect would be produced. Nor should the weeping varieties of deciduous trees predominate, as this would render the place gloomy, and give it a very unnatural appearance. There should be much of that variety which nature shows us on every hand, modified somewhat by the peculiar character of the place and the uses to which it is to be devoted. Trees planted in masses occupy too much ground. Heavy, round-topped trees, are less appropriate than those with conical, pointed heads. Pendent, drooping trees, are suitable for planting at intervals in all parts of the ground. Evergreens of every name are appropriate, intrinsically so, and because they have been associated from time immemorial with such places. For small lots in cemeteries, none are so suitable, in these cold latitudes, as the Norway and Hemlock Spruces, the Siberian Arbor Vitae, and Red Cedar. Where the climate will admit of planting them, the various Junipers, Yews, and Arbor Vitaes, afford a wide selection.*

"The Cypress funerall; The Laurel, meed of mighty conquerours And poets sage; the Firn that weepeth still; The Willow worne of forlorne paramours; The Eugh obedient to the bender's will"'

It seems to be generally conceded that flowers should have a place in the rural cemetery. They have a cheerful aspect, and are emblematical of pur immortality. But a continual digging of the soil above the dead, suggests the unpleasant idea of maltreating their remains: it at least conflicts with the idea of their complete repose. Is there not more real beauty and grandeur in simply well-kept trees and grass and monuments, lighted up here and there with gleams of sunshine ? If flowers are introduced, it should not be for a gaudy horticultural display, but as an expression of affectionate remembrance; and they should be few in number, and delicate in form, size, and color. A white Rose by the side of a tombstone, the Violet, and Daisy, and Myrtle, are always appropriate and pleasing.

On the subject of monuments and their inscriptions, we will presume to offer only a few suggestions. A very common and unpleasant feature of our ordinary grave-yards is that of monuments leaning over and falling to the ground. The only way to keep grave-stones erect, in our climate, is to imbed them in solid mason-work laid below frost; or, better still, on stone piers built up from the bottom of the grave. The most durable monuments are those composed of the fewest blocks of stone, thus exposing only a small number of joints to the action of the weather. Care should be taken, also, that the stones have no cracks or seams or visible defects of any kind. As to the material best adapted for monumental purposes, the writer will not undertake to give an opinion. The best marbles of this country are perishable; and even the finest of the Italian, which in Southern Europe stand unharmed for centuries, under our harsher skies soon corrode. Granite, sienite, and some other of the older and harder rocks, are very durable; and for plain, massive monuments, are quite appropriate.

Experiments which have been tried with the red sandstone of New Jersey, seem to indicate that it will prove to be one of the best stones for monuments that can be used in this country, †

As to the character and style of monuments, it would be presumptuous to lay down any universal and invariable rule. What would be suitable for a king, or an eminent statesman, or a great public benefactor, would not, probably, be suitable for a private citizen, whether he were rich or poor. A huge monument piled to the sky, and bedecked with ornaments, simply because the occupant of the grave beneath it, or his friends, had money enough to build it, is vulgar in the extreme. Monuments which are miniatures of certain ancient and famous structures, are also objectionable; for, what looked well on a foreign shore, and when built of lofty height and corresponding proportions, often appears ridiculous when reduced to a few feet, and imperfectly cut and balanced. When a work of this kind is attempted, it should be entrusted only to the most skillful hands. Objections may be urged against altars, and tablets placed.

* See an editorial on this subject, in the Horticulsturist for April, 1851

† See a paper on the subject of "Monuments," published by the Greenwood Cemetery Association horizontally, that their inscriptions are liable to become defaced, and that they soon lose their horizontal position, and that they seem to lie heavily on the breast of the dead, and to confine and shut them away from us. This last, however, is a matter of mere feeling and taste, and may not prevail with all minds. The broken column and the reversed torch deserve also a passing criticism. These certainly are beautiful symbols, as might have been expected from the country of their origin, Greece. But are they appropriate for us ? Greece had no Bible, and knew almost nothing of the resurrection nor of the Christian's heaven, and might well represent death with such gloomy devices. But when a good man dies, we do not consider the column shattered, nor the lamp of life extinct The column ends just where the All-wise Architect saw it most fitting to terminate it; and the lamp still burns, only with a brighter flame. It has been happily said that, "Those who will use the gloomy hieroglyphics of a perished creed, should at least place near them the cheering emblems of a religious faith.

If Death be represented with downcast look and inverted flame, let Immortality, as in the fine group of Thorwaldsen, stand by his side with torch high blazing, and eyes upturned in love and rapture." But whatever style of monument be chosen, - obelisk, pyramid, urn, cross, column, slab, or anything else, - let it be characterized by simplicity. Ostentation is nowhere more disgusting than in a burial-place. We walk past the huge sepulchral stone of the merely rich man, with the trifling exclamation: "How much this cost I What vain man lies here?" But when we come to the little hillock which covers the remains of a child, though it have no headstone, our tenderest respect and sympathy are at once excited. Nothing seems more beautiful than that lowly mound and the Violets upon it, watered perhaps by a mother's tears.

In regard to this whole subject of monuments, the best general rule that we remember to have met with is this: "A monument should betray no desire to exhibit great costliness, and no endeavor to avoid a reasonable expense".

It is perhaps impossible, now, to change the prevalent custom of inclosing cemetery lots with hedges, chains, and fences; but, obviously, they are not needed to protect monuments from injury by man or beast; for, any one desirous of marring them, can do so, in spite of such inclosures, and cattle are never allowed to range in a well-ordered cemetery. Why not indicate the boundaries of lots by small granite posts at the corners, a few inches above the ground, or by a slight elevation of the sod shore the surrounding soil? Why not avoid whatever has the appearance of exchisivenesa and pride, in the place of graves, and let the prevailing spirit and expression of the spot be that all who slumber there are brethren of one common family?

It is a pleasing sign of the times that so much attention is now being paid, in all parts of the country, to the founding of rural cemeteries. It is an honor to the character and tastes of the people. We are not, then, wholly engrossed in the worship of Mammon, forgetful of the amenities and tender charities of life. Let us encourage, more and more, every movement which looks to the promotion of true social culture and happiness. Let us seek to make our homes more comely and attractive; and, since we are all appointed to die, let us smooth the passage to the grave by the comforts of religion, by tender respect for the dead, and by beautifying their last resting-place.