Having thus freely found fault with the rural cemetery as it now is, it becomes us to state what we would have, and where in our judgment we would suggest improvements, although this may be inferred from the remarks already made.

A writable spot having been selected, come, if possible, already adorned by fine tree and combining variety of surface, and which water shall be an essential feature, let it be surrounded by an appropriate fence or wall of sufficient height, but mot one which will give the impression that it surrounds a prison-yard. At present, wood would seem to be the most appropriate material for the purpose, as it is the least expensive, and harmonizes with the rural character of the place. Stone, of course, should be used wherever practicable. The gateway should be invariably of stone, not hammered, especially in the small country cemetery, simple in design, making no pretension, and covered with our native vines. The same may be said of the chapel, and of all necessary outbuildings. In the larger cemeteries, especially those in close contiguity with a city, the entrance gate and chapel may be more imposing, and form the principal features. Throughout the cemetery thus inclosed the drive-ways and paths should be laid out as an appreciative taste and convenience shall dictate. No interior boundary or barrier of any description should be allowed to interfere with the general effect.

In this way, the entire cemetery would present a park-like appearance, which is always pleasing, while the purpose to which it is consecrated would still be kept in mind by the monuments and gravestones rising on every side.

It is well if the inclosure combines with other attractions a natural sheet of water, or, in default of this, a locality where, by the aid of abundant springs and judicious excavations, a lake of sufficient depth and size may be fo med. We strongly object to the small pools surrounded by a border of hammered granite, and their surfaces covered with green slime, which are thought to be an ornament in many cemeteries. And while it may not be amiss to introduce upon the surface of the lake the graceful swan, it seems hardly appropriate to convert the spot into a breeding-place for a variety of domestic fowls.

Certain restrictions should be put upon the size of those unattractive mausoleums so often erected by those who would thereby seek to gain an amount of fame when dead that they failed to acquire while living. If possible, we would forbid the erection of a simple tomb above ground, not only on the score of beauty, but in a hygienic point of view, for in many cases there can be no doubt they exert a most injurious influence upon the surrounding regions. With the ancients, the erection of tombs was pardonable, for, as a general rule, they contained only the ashes of the deceased, placed in urns. If tombs are thought by some to be necessary, they should be entirely concealed from view. The grave is the proper resting-place for the body, except under some very peculiar circumstances.

So also any object which necessity may require upon the grounds, as a pump, for example, should not be made more conspicuous by attempts at ornamentation, either in itself or in the building which shelters it. On the contrary, it should be screened from view by plantations of trees and shrubs, or concealed by the drapery of vines.

Everything about a cemetery should harmonize, not only with the natural beauties of the place, but also with the purpose to which it is devoted. And it should be specially borne in mind, that while its design is to please by its quiet and unobtrusive beauties both natural and artificial, at the same time it must contain nothing which shall tend to destroy those better emotions which should be there awakened.

This I may illustrate by the following: In the early days of Forest Hill Cemetery, we well remember how much we were pleased with a simple and very appropriate little device upon which we came suddenly in rambling over the grounds. Just at the foot of a low hill, in a retired nook, and among some rocks, bubbled up a clear, cool spring. The small pool there formed had been slightly hollowed out, a few loose mossy stones placed about the edge, and upon one of them these words inscribed: "Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again: but whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him, shall never thirst." A year or two afterward I revisited the spot, solely for the purpose of again seeing what had given nae so much pleasure. But the hand of improvement had been there; the stones with the inscription had been removed, and in their place an iron pump reared its unsightly head.

Our remarks in relation to the public cemeteries generally, apply equally well to the country burying-ground. Burying-ground ! the very name seems less pretentious than the word cemetery. And, after all, there is much that is interesting in such a spot, unadorned by modern innovation It is not a work of yesterday. Here lie many generations, their graves marked by the simple slab of slate, over which the parti-colored lichens have gradually extended, obliterating both name and date, while the frosts of many a by-gone winter have done their work too. The green turf extends everywhere; no formal graveled walks deface it, and no assuming monuments, inclosed with iron fences, disfigure it. What if it is what is termed a neglectecf spot What if the wintry winds as they sweep across the lowly graves rustle the long withered grass and bend the rank weed of the previous summer, the thoughts of the afflicted are as often turned toward the buried loved ones, and when the spring comes the birds sing just as sweetly there as elsewhere 1

Better let the old burial-place of the fathers alone than attempt any embellishment, which, at the best, seems out of character here. Let a new spot be selected, combining all the natural beauties possible, and let the hints which we have given be carried into practice and improved upon. So shall we have a model rural cemetery.

D. D. Blade.

Chestnuthill, Feb., 1868.