Among the most enthusiasticai lovers of Horticulture will be found a numerous class, who have selected some little sunny spot near a large town or city, built a cottage, and surrounded it with rural delights, that had long floated in their day dreams during their weary hours of toil and business, immured in the suffocating atmosphere of brick and stone obstructions; walled in from all the beauties a wise Creator has spread out for our health and enjoyment. These are the caged souls, who truly appreciate and delight in the cultivation of the objects treated of in your valuable periodical. There are many new pleasures fresh in Nature's store, to the satiated, and it may be added the vitiated taste of the weary denizen of a city. Cheerful and active life lends much to the charms of fruit and flower. So say the ladies who visit my Hermitage while partaking thereof, and viewing my pigeons, poultry, rabbits, goats, birds, bees, etc, a little world of health and productive comforts, ever new and interesting, the solid basement in the construction of the true "Otium cum dignitate " of life. The Aviary is an appropriate accompaniment to the green-house, vinery, hot-house, apiary, etc., and a dove cot in the garden, one of the most useful and pleasing of objects.

It may be made constantly to supply a quantity of fresh provision, particularly valuable at the season when animal food is so difficult to preserve or obtain in any inviting condition; then a few minutes suffice to prepare a dainty meal for an unexpected guest; and who will decline the appetizing allurements of a cold pigeon pie, a broil, or a stew? Every good housewife knows the value of feathers. The manure will be carefully preserved by the gardener as the most powerful guano for many choice plants, onions, melons, etc., while the young olive branches, and the aged grandsire, will be alike diverted from their little aches and cares, watch, ing the lively commonwealth in their amusing antics, flying, building, laying, hatching, feeding, etc., while some of the carrier varieties might be put in requisition by young miss, to convey, ere the perfume wanes, the important nothing of some "Billet doux".

But papa will not read this without a Pshaw! and perhaps a surmise that the Hermit is not the venerable anchorite he professes himself, and will therefore not heed the earnest appeal to raise a dove cot in his garden, which is- the object of • this article; so to continue. The great variety of form, color, and peculiarities of Fancy Pigeons, have always secured to them a large share of attention as amusing pets, from the remotest antiquity. Varro, Columella, Cato, and others, give directions for their management, showing the estimation in which they were then held. Pliny notes the value of a pair among the Romans, of some choice breed, probably carriers, as worth four hundred denarii, (about $60.) A variety of this sort is still used by our pilots, coasting service, news boats, forts, lighthouses, as messengers, and for racing and flying matches against time and distance, with as much interest and excitement, if not involving such ruinous sums as the performances on the race-course. Germantown, near Philadelphia, and Williams-burgh, near New York, have long been famous for the numerous studs of these birds, to be seen on the wing when the weather and opportunity offer for the diversion.

Their tumbling antics, as they circle aloft in the air by the hour together, or return with the welcome letter or color signal, form an excitement inconceivable to the uninitiated in the fancy. From many a loft in the close cities of Europe, as in our own, the hard worked mechanics may be seen at early dawn enjoying all of the fresh air he daily gets, out upon the house tops, releasing a few couple of high fliers to take their rapid sail into the ethereal blue, watching their uncontrolled and pathless way, his lungs and thoughts expand, and he forgets the world below and feels himself more free.

Collections of several thousand birds, containing many curious and valuable varieties, are to be found in some of the dove cots of our merchant princes. Others select one or two sorts, and breed them with such care that the birds will fetch from five to ten dollars each, such as a rich colored Almond Tumbler, with the swallow martin beak; or a Carrier with wattle round its eye at least an inch in diameter, and head and beak three inches. A Pouter, which is now the bird in fashion, must be eighteen inches long, and pout or extend his air balloon above his crop to the circumference of eighteen inches. But Ames* Pigeon Fancier is the book to consult for all the properties required by the clubs. Much amusing and useful information will also be found of all the known varieties.

Most sorts will handsomely repay the little care and food required by these prolific birds, who monthly complete the task of laying, hatching, and rearing to maturity a pair of their offspring, who will in turn commence to mate and lay when five or six months old, thus producing from half a dozen pairs an incredible number in two or three years. Ill disposed persons have calumniated our pets as destructive vermin; Stillingfleet, the agricultural writer, for instance, who perhaps never owned one; certainly he was no fancier. On the contrary, we, who have seldom through life been without a great many, reject the slander, and declare them not only perfectly harmless, but valuable for frightening and driving off the multitude of little birds, who pilfer our cherries and fruit at such a fearful rate. As to scratching, they are incapable, and only when pressed by hunger will many kinds alight on the ground. The proper elevation of their house, and a due supply of food and water within it, will secure safety from their foraging excursions of all kinds. Neither will they pick the fruit or plants, for green food they will not eat, except a trifling leaf or two of the red sorrel, eaten as medicine when improper food has made them sick.

They naturally choose peas, rice, small corn, grain of ail kinds, seeds of flax, hemp, and canary, wild turnip, and most weeds; so if, in the fall, they are permitted to become hungry, they will clear the seeds from every weed within reach, obviously to the great advantage of the slovenly farmer, who has so neglected his fence rows, or the gardener who will scratch over more beds than he can keep clean. For this purpose, and for the table, the common Blue Duffer, with black bars on its wings, the female generally of a darker blue and black called checkered, are the best suited, being hardy, fertile, and easily find their own living. Others will be chosen for ornament, flying purposes, etc.

There being upwards of thirty varieties of fancy pigeons frequently found in collections, it will be impossible to include their description within the limits of this article. The construction of the dove cot, management of stock, with many useful hints, must be deferred to a future number, and so we proceed with a description of the leading varieties, as they must appear when presented for competition at the poultry shows. One of the most valuable, and generally called the King of Pigeons, is the Carrier. This bird has been used as a messenger probably ever since Noah sent one from the Ark, and still continues where the electric wire is impracticable or unknown, and rapid communication essential. Its natural color is light gray blue, with black bars on wing and tail. Some are a glossy purplish black or dun; other colors are not esteemed full bred. They arc rather larger than a common pigeon, and have a rich embossed protuberance of white, flesh around the eye and nostril; it is supposed to be of use in their rapid flight. This should spread around the eye as large as a twenty-five cent piece, but it does not attain its full size for six or eight years, and some continue always increasing, although a Pigeon rarely attains its tenth year.

The young squeaker will only have about the eighth of an inch. They are now worth from three to five dollars per pair in market. To train them, take the young from home a little further each time, until they will return several miles in as many minutes, from any direction; wind the message (on thin paper) round the leg, neatly tying it with thread: a small bag of thin stuff will be found most convenient to carry them in, as it is not requisite for them to see.

The Fantail, from its peculiar large spread tail, makes a very striking appearance on the buildings. Those of a pure white are preferred, and are generally the best birds; others have the shoulders of the wing black, blue, red, or yellow, and there are some all black, but being crosses to obtain the color, they are all usually inferior in their properties. The tail should have thirty-six feathers, well spread in three rows; extra birds have a fourth row; it is carried in the manner of the Turkey, touching with it the back part of its head. This bird must have a long, swan-like neck, which it continually shakes in a singular manner. They are not good fliers, but are excellent breeders and nurses, when well supplied with food and water. It is said their odd looks and antics frighten away hawks.

The Magpie is of medium size; its head, crop, back, and tail of one uniform color; the remainder white: long red legs, pearl eye, and spindle beak. They are good fliers and breeders, and make a pretty flock.

The Bald Pate is a small Tumbler variety, noted for lofty flying, and performing summersaults in the air, and falling backwards as if suddenly shot Their body must be of a uniform color; but the head, tail, nine flight feathers, and thighs, must be white; pearl eyed, small red feet and legs. These birds give little trouble and produce well.

The English Pouter,, now the most in fashion of all the pigeon tribe, is a splendid large bird, measuring eighteen inches from beak to tail; circumference of crop not less than fifteen inches; legs, which must be well feathered, seven and a half inches. They are of various colors and shades, but the most esteemed and best bred are pied with white, and of the following colors: yellow, red, black, dun, blue, and silver. The two latter must have a double black bar on each wing and the tail; the white on the front of the crop, in the form of a new moon; a neat five or six leafed rose of white on each wing; and the leg and thigh clean white, evenly cut.

[We give place to the above, though somewhat out of our beaten track. That the dove-cot may form a useful and interesting feature of ornamental grounds, must be apparent enough to all who visit such places, for instance, as Springside. The subject, in this connection, has attracted but little attention here, but is working its way. - Ed].