To the Olive tree the Sacred Writings abound in references; it has been from the earliest ages the emblem of peace, and the bounteous gift of heaven. In the garden of the Horticultural Society at Chiswick, and in several parts of Devonshire, it grows as a standard, and survives the severest winter. In other counties, therefore, it may be made to flourish with the aid of shelter. This tree rose plentifully all over Judea, and so viewed, excites a crowd of interesting reflections in every well disposed mind. Thus it is often figuratively used in the poetical diction of the east. Speaking of the righteous man, it is said: - " His branches shall spread and his beauty shall be as the olive tree".

The most distinguished, and to many, the most endearing reflection, suggested by this tree, arises from its giving the name to that Mount, (the Mount of Olives,) so famous in the history of the Saviour. This mountain lay a little out of the city of Jerusalem, towards the east, commanding a full view of the metropolis, from which it was separated by the valley of Jehoshaphat, and the brook Kedron. To it the Redeemer of the world was wont to retire in the evening, after he had spent a laborious day in teaching the multitudes that attended His ministry in Jerusalem; from it, He gazed upon the city, wept over it, and predicted its final overthrow. In the garden, which lay at the bottom of this hill, He commenced the scene of His last sufferings; and from the highest or central elevation, He ascended into Heaven. The olive crowns the top of the hill till this day; and from its being so remarkably long lived, it is thought by many, that the vicissitudes of eighteen hundred years have not yet swept away the identical objects under which our Redeemer wandered. To many superficial readers of the Bible, and especially to those who rest implicitly on our translation of it, the olive tree forms a stumbling-block not easily' removed.

The plant, as is generally known, does not produce leaves of a deep green color, though properly enough classed amongst our evergreens. The leaves resemble those of the willow, are of a light, or yellowish green, and sometimes rusty underneath, and do not equal the expectations of travellers. Thus Mr. Sharpe, while in the East, observes: " The fields are in a manner covered with olive trees; but the tree does not answer the character I conceived of it: the royal Psalmist, and some of the sacred writers, speak with rapture of the green olive tree, so that I expected a beautiful green; and I confess I was wretchedly disappointed to find its hue resembling that of our hedges when they are covered with dust. The olive tree may possibly delight in Judea, but undoubtedly will disgust a man accustomed to English verdure." Now, it so happens, that the word translated green, means vigor, or freshness; and every one must know that exuberant vegetation is not necessarily of a green color, but frequently of a red or pinkish tinge. In Daniel, the seventy translators render the same word flourishing: for it is absurd to suppose that when Ring Nebuchadnezzar said, - " I was at rest in my house, and green in my palace," (as it is in the Hebrew,) he referred to color.

The passage in the Bible, therefore, should be rendered: - "I am like a vigorous olive tree in the house of God." Rich har-' vests of this tree waved over the plains of Greece; and it is yet an inhabitant of that highly favored country. It presents nothing magnificent - nothing solemn, for it never exceeds fifty feet in height; yet its loveliness, and sunniness, amply compensate for its shrublike size. A warm, dry air seems to suit it best. Hence it was found in greatest perfection in Attica and Gilicia. In those countries, where regularly propagated for its oil, it was the practice to plant the trees thirty feet apart, bo as to allow the air to circulate freely about them on all sides. This tree forms a favorite haunt of singing birds, having a thin shade, sufficient to shelter them from excessive beat, yet not excluding much light.

The Almond, mentioned in the Holy Writ, was by the Hebrews called ehakad, signifying to watch, or awake, because after the rigors of winter, it is one of the first to hail the coming of spring. This idea seems to be referred to in the vision which Jeremiah the prophet had. "The word of the Lord came unto me, saying, Jeremiah, what seest thou? And I said, I see a rod of an almond tree. Then said the Lord unto me, Thou hast well seen; for I will hasten My word to perform it;" or rather, "I am hastening or watching over my word to fulfil it." The rod of Aaron was of the Almond tree, as were also the rods which the princes of Israel bore. The tree has an interesting history in Greek mythology. Demophoon, the son of Theseus and Phaedra, on his return from the Trojan war, visited Thrace, where he was tenderly received and treated by Phyllis, a beautiful queen, whose charms were not unappreciated by him. He retired to Athens, of which he was king, promising to return to Thrace at the end of a month. At the expiration of the time, the queen wandered daily on the sea-shore looking out for her lover, and when at last winter came and he returned not, in an agony of despair, she fell dead by the sea-side, and was immediately changed by the pitying gods into an almond tree.

Her lover soon after returned, and hearing what had taken place, flew to the tree and clasped it in his arms, when the love of Phyllus, unable even then to restrain itself, caused the tree, though in winter, to burst forth into blossoms. The beauty of this tree when in flower, at a time when others have not begun to bud, renders it a most desirable object near to residences. It is the first to interrupt the reign of winter, and consequently the earliest forerunner of the coming spring.

The Apple tree is mentioned in Holy Writ; but I am inclined to believe that our apple, (Pyrua mains,) is not the tree alluded to in the Sacred text. In Canaan, and the surrounding country, it is almost worthless, and is by no means entitled to the praise bestowed on that tree by the Spirit of inspiration. The inhabitants of Egypt and Palestine import their apples from Damascus, their own orchards producing no fruit fit for use. It is impossible, therefore, that a tree whose fruit was represented to be most delicious and comforting, could be found in the " crab, or wilding," whose fruit, according to Pliny, had " many a foul word and shrewd curse given it," on account of its sourness. Besides, the apple of the Scripture is classed with the vine and fig, palm and pomegranate, as furnishing a grateful repast, and the failure of which was reckoned a serious calamity, - an unquestionable proof, that we must look elsewhere for the real apple of the Holy Land. In Patrick's Commentary, it is thought that the word Thepucheem, translated apples, denotes any species of fruit emitting a fragrant odor; but this definition is too vague to be useful.