The term occurs in six passages of Scripture, and in them all it is given as an appropriate title to one of the noblest trees in the garden of Nature. "As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my Beloved among the sons; I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and His fruit was sweet to my taste."Again: - "Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples, for I am sick of love." "A word fitly spoken, is like apples of gold in pictures of silver." Now, when it is known that trees of the citrus family flourished in Judea several centuries before the birth of Christ, and when it is recollected how appropriate the passages quoted become, when applied to the citron or orange, there is little doubt of their referring to the genus just mentioned. Flouishing under oriental skies, the citron becomes a large and beautiful tree, having a perennial verdure, and perfuming the air with exquisite odor. It is with peculiar propriety, therefore, that the spouse exclaimed: - "As the citron or orange tree among the trees of the wood, so is my Beloved among the sons.

I sat down under His shadow with great delight, and His fruit was sweet to my taste." Those who are desirous of trying orange and citron trees in England, may take courage from the fact that they grow to a large size, with a slight protection during severe winters, at Salcombe, near Kingsbridge, in Devonshire; and at Dartmouth, Luscombe, and Kitley. I am inclined to think that if spaces were cleared in plantations, with an open space to the south, these trees might be planted in such places with every prospect of success. In severe weather, the tops and stems might be thatched with dead branches, and their roots covered with dry litter, and also thatched. This is the fruit which King Juba describes as the apple of the Hesperides, by which name it was known throughout Africa. The most ancient Greek writer who describes this tree is Theophrastus, who says it was grafted on the common apple to produce black citrons, and on the mulberry, for the sake of getting the fruit of a reddish color. Such things are quite impossible; all statements like these tend only to weaken the testimony of this great naturalist in other matters, and show clearly how closely the earliest efforts in history are allied to the works of the mycologists.

This tree thrives remarkably well in Lower Egypt; and in the Garden of Heliopolis, where it shades the Temple of the Sun, it appears in matchless beauty. It is questionable whether the citron was known to the ancient inhabitants of Hellas; for Antiphanes observes in his Boetian, that it had only been recently introduced into Attica: -

" A. 'Twould be absurd to speak of what's to eat, As if you thought of such things; bat, fair maid, Take of these apples. B. Oh! bow beautiful!

A. They are, indeed, since hither they but lately Have come from the great king.

B. By Phosphoros!

I could have thought them from the Hesperian bowers, Where th' apples are of gold.

A. There are bat three!

B. The beautiful is nowhere plentiful".

Viewed in connection with the present subject, the Vine forms a most important tree. No effort of mine can add anything to the delight with which this well known plant is looked upon by all nations. The classics seem to have written under its shade: their pages exhale the sweet odor of its fruit. It is frequently mentioned in the Old and New Testaments. It was known to the inhabitants of Judea, both in its wild and cultivated forms, though the former, in all probability, was not, 6trictly speaking, a vine. It was certainly not the Vitis Labmsca, or Fox Grape of Botanists. In the vales near Jordan, not far distant from Jericho and the Dead Sea, is found growing in great abundance, the vine of Sodom, which produces fruit as bitter as gall, and according to Bishop Lowth, as deadly as the poison of a serpent. This deleterious grape is alluded to by Moses in terms fully bearing out this description: "For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah; their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter, their wine is the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps." The tree, however, referred to so often in the Bible and in Classic Song, is the grapevine, ( Vitis vinifera,) well known throughout all the temperate zones of the Old World, as an exuberant climber, and producing the noblest and most delicious of beverages.

Thus, in contradistinction to the spurious plant, our Saviour, in the Gospel of John, says, "I am the true Vine, and my Father is the Husbandman." And again, in the triumphal Song of David on the plagues which desolated Egypt, and procured the liberation of his ancestors, he says: " He destroyed their vines with hail, and their Sycamore trees with frost." Of all the grapes produced in the East, those of Canaan were considered to be the finest. Dandini, an Italian traveller, and accustomed of course, to see grapes in great perfection, was surprised at the extraordinary sixe of those produced in the vineyards at Lebanon, which were of the size of prunes, and of the most delicious taste. In the book of Numbers, it is stated that a bunch gathered in the valley of Eschol required two men to carry it some distance, a fact which has been recently confirmed, if any proof had been needed, by Doubdon, who met with very extraordinary vines near to Bethlehem. Persia seems entitled to the honor of giving birth to this plant; thence it appears to have found its way into Judea, Greece, and Sicily, and soon after into Italy, Spain, France and Britain. It is, however, contended by Theopompos, that it was the inhabitants of Chios, an island in the JSgean sea, who first found it, and cultivated it, transmitting it to the other Greeks. This point must forever remain in uncertainty, for as Homer refers to the vineyards of his heroes, the natural conclusion is, that it was plentiful in Greece before the historical era.