Saddle grafting is seldom practiced, except upon small stocks or upon the terminal shoots of young trees. ' The stock and cion should be nearly of the same size, although the stock may be a little larger, without making any material difference in the result; the two sides of the stock are cut off in a sloping direction, forming a wedge, as shown in fig. 12; the lower end of the cion is split, and the sides trimmed away so that they shall fit upon the stock. Young apple and pear trees of three or four feet in height are often grafted in this manner. If the stock is larger than the cion, it is only necessary to have the cion fit one side, the same as in ctoft grafting, afterward inclosing the exposed surface of wood with wax.

Saddle Grafting 230012

Fig. 14.

Fig. 15.

Sometimes the saddle graft is so modified that it is intermediate between the cleft and saddle, as shown in fig. 13.

Another form of saddle grafting, introduced by Mr. Thomas A. Knight, of England, in 1811, is shown in fig. 14. Mr. Knight says: "That is never attempted until the usual season of grafting is passed, and till the bark is readily detached from the alburnum. The head of the stock is taken off by a single stroke of the knife obliquely." The cion should not exceed in diameter half that of the stock; is then divided longitudinally, about two inches upward from its lower end, into two unequal divisions. The stronger division of the cion is then to be pared thin at its lower extremity, and introduced, as in crown grafting, between the bark and wood of the stock, and the more slender division is fitted to the stock upon the opposite side. The cion consequently stands astride the stock, to which it attaches itself firmly upon each side, as in the other modes of saddle grafting.