T. T. Lyon, of Plymouth, Mich., introduced a preamble and resolutions cogently setting forth the usefulness of forests, belts of timber, roadside trees, etc., in sheltering gardens and orchards, the disastrous inattention prevalent in this matter, and invoking legislation to secure the setting and safety of roadside trees, exempting belts of timber from taxation, etc.

P. Barry, of Rochester, requested the President to appoint a committee to prepare pomological rules for the guidance of the Society in testing the merits of new varieties of fruits. Mr. Barry also introduced resolutions of thanks to Mr. James Vick, of Rochester, the retiring Secretary, and to Thomas P. James, Esq., of Philadelphia, Treasurer, for their services.

M. L. Dunlap, Esq.,was invited to address the meeting on the subject of transporting fruit. This being a subject of some considerable importance to a large number, we give the following as condensed from Mr. Dunlap's remarks:

"We have now a new condition of things. Railroads have opened up through the country, and the more delicate luxuries of the fruit and vegetable garden can be sent hundreds of miles. The time when the surrounding farms could supply the villages and cities with those luxuries is past. The great plains to the West, the more rigorous climate of the Nortb, must be supplied with those luxuries. Nor is this all. The season of the several fruits must be extended. Taking the State of Illinois as an example : her fruit region proper runs through three hundred and fifty miles of latitude. Over this the season marches at the rate of about twelve miles a day.

"The strawberry begins to ripen at the south end of the State, May 5th. At that time the plants are not in bloom at Chicago, the great distributing point of the lake region, and are sent north to where the land yet lies locked in frost. The season of the strawberry is only some two weeks; but in one locality, by means of railroads, it is in the markets from May 5th to July 20th - two and a half months; other fruits have a similar history. To ship the strawberry eight hundred miles over railroads, we extend the season more than two months.

"The peach begins to ripen at the south part of the State July 1st, and by the march of the season continues until the October frosts close the orchards on the hither side of Lake Michigan.

"Southern Illinois peaches are sent to market two-thirds to three-fourths grown, and after sweltering in the cars, reach the market in a soft condition. On the other hand, the Michigan peaches are picked nearly ripe and fully matured, and they are offered in the Chicago market in a ripe condition, and command a high price, and please the taste of the people, who from such evidence suppose that late peaches are much the most valuable.

"Now, what we want is to send these fruits in a ripened condition to the consumer, and to do this we must seek the railroads to aid us. The Michigan peaches can not be sent out from Chicago, for, be-ing ripe, they deteriorate by every mile of railway transit.

"We must have refrigerating cars, mounted on light steel springs, carrying not more than six tons, and running at nearly passenger speed, at reasonable charges for transportation.

"For packages we must discard the boxes and use baskets. Boxes are of no. value to the consumer for other use than firewood, while the basket has a value in every household, and they can be returned again to the orchards at little cost.

It was necessary to pack fruits so that they may not be injured by friction of the moving train, and peaches and grapes should be packed something like apples, by the use of a small screw. This can be done by using a cover to the basket. How much the pressure should be can only be settled by experience in the several varieties."

Dr. Hull believed only in picking and forwarding fruits when they were just about approaching maturity - not while still green. Fruits thus picked, and well packed, would ride six days without damage. Boxes should be discarded, and the railroad companies compelled to carry the vessels without upsetting them. He packed in oak leaves. He picked when the fruit would just and barely yield to pressure with the finger.

Mr. Knot shipped strawberries in pint boxes and quart boxes, and had entire success. Had sent them four hundred miles to New York.

Mr. Dunlap said that the shipping of fruits immediately on ice had proved a failure, but in the refrigerator car abundant ventilation prevented the ruinous moisture, and thus this mode of shipping was successful. He adverted to the waste of good vinegar apples in orchards, where the coddling moth had detached the apples.

Mr. Nelson, of Indiana, said he allowed no apples to be on the ground more than one day, and thus produced good vinegar worth not less than forty cents per gallon, and thus also got rid of the coddling moth. He kept a man busy picking up apples.

He would sell no apples that would not bring a dollar a bushel, and of the rest he made vinegar.