Prepare the ground the same as for corn, and a similar soil. Mark it with a plow for rows, three feet apart at right angles, and set a tree in each angle. To set one acre will require 4,820 trees. If you would have a pine forest there, set every fourth tree of that kind, and the balance with larch. This would require 302 pine and 4,418 larch. When the larch are all removed to give place for the pine forest, the trees will stand 12 feet apart, which is sufficient room for the full grown tree.

The cultivation should be sufficient to keep the ground clean from vegetation until the young forest will protect itself, which will be two or three years. When this has been planted six or seven years, every alternate row should be removed, leaving them three feet by six. These 2,410 larch, thus removed, are sufficiently large for grape stakes; their great strength and imperishable character rendering them of great value for that purpose. At the end of another seven years there should be cut every alternate row across, leaving the rows six (6) feet apart each way, which leaves 1,204 trees. These trees now removed are at least thirty feet in height, and ten to twelve inches in diameter, and will make not leas than 4,000 fence posts. At the end of another seven years, take away another alternate row of the larch through the plantation, or 600 trees, leaving the remainder 6 by 12 feet apart. These 600 trees, now 21 years in the plantation, are twenty inches in diameter and fifty feet in height, valuable for posts, railroad ties, spars of vessels, etc., and worth at least three dollars each. At thirty years from planting, remove another three hundred trees, leaving the "forest proper," the trees standing 12 feet apart, and 300 trees.

If the entire plantation were made of larch, then a larch forest will remain, and if every 4th row were set with pine and the remaining trees were larch, then a pine forest is the result. One consideration worthy of notice, resulting from the larch plantation, is the enriching of the soil by the formation of at least a quarter to one-third of an inch of vegetable mold annually, from the falling foliage.