Recently, while attending the Strawberry Exhibition of the Western New York Horticultural Society, my attention was specially drawn to a seedling strawberry exhibited by Messrs. Ellwanger & Barry, of Rochester. The plant on exhibition had upon it two hundred and seventy berries, and the appearance promised so well as a berry for market growing, that I decided to visit the grounds of Messrs. Ellwanger & Barry, and see whether in the field it sustained the character of that on exhibition. Visiting the grounds, I found a field of ordinary common soil, about fifteen by twenty rods square, planted with strawberries, in rows three feet apart, and the plants about one foot or less in the rows, and the varieties as follows: some six or eight rows of Large Early Scarlet, then eight or nine rows of the Seedling, then twelve or fifteen rows of Wilson's Albany, and twenty or more rows of Triomphe de Gand. All apparently had received the same treatment, which was merely plowing the ground in the ordinary manner of farm plowing, before planting and after planting, keeping it decently, not perfectly, clean of weeds and grass.

The exhibit was abundant on the Early Scarlet and on the Wilson, but the Seedling was one perfect mass of fruit - certainly one half more than the Wilson, and with the foliage upright and strong, enabling it to sustain and ripen all.

Upon inquiry of the man in charge, he told me that he gathered fruit from this variety at an earlier period than from Early Scarlet or Wilson, and also much later. As it ripened its berries gradually, its value in the market was much greater than that of the Wilson. According to Mr. Ellwanger, it was grown some six years since from seed of the Triomphe de Gand, and with the exception of a few plants kept for examination in their own grounds, the stock was placed in field culture to enable them to prove its value as a market berry.

The drawing herewith I have made without any special reference to size, but as near as I could to a fair average of the whole crop. As yet no public notice or description has been made, and on my desiring to figure and bring it before the public, the name of Nicanor, or the Conqueror, was given, as one short and appropriate.

New Seedling Strawberry Nicanor 2200156

Fig. 155.

Leaf, large broad oval, of a deep, dark pea-green color, and deeply serrated.

Foot-stalks, long and strong, carrying the foliage very erect and high.

Fruit, medium, or above, in size; or from one to one and a quarter inch in diameter, regular and even rounded cockscomb form; surface glossy, firm, bright, deep scarlet red; seeds dark colored, moderately imbedded; flesh reddish, rich, sweet, and high-flavored; truss with long foot-stalks, and usually from eighteen to twenty-four berries on a truss.

Flowers, perfect, setting every berry without a failure.

As a market berry, while it is not perhaps any larger than the Wilson, it is more uniform in size, ripens more gradually, and carries equally as well, if not better. As a vine, it is among the most hardy, having very long, deep, and strong roots, and enduring the changes of summer and winter with impunity.